Michalak, Katja (2011): Can Lipset’s theory travel through time and space? the destination Nicaragua, 1972-1998. A time series test of the social requisites of democracy.
Download (157kB) | Preview
The epigraph is emblematic of an orthodox theoretical view that ‘only in a wealthy society could a situation exist in which the mass of the population could intelligently participate in politics’ and that this relationship is universal and applicable cross time and space. Comparing ancient Greece to modern societies, arguments are made that wealthy societies prerequisite mass participating in politics as well as an avoidance of irresponsible demagogues. The development of self-restraint through wealth emerges as a universal constant through time and space. However, how universalistic is Social Requisites of Democracy cross time and space? Can we imagine or theorize the genesis of the democratic self-restraint in alternative sources? The following research design is an attempt to apply the well-known theory of Lipset’s Social Requisites of Democracy to the Central American context, and more specifically, to the Nicaraguan case. In recent years, scholars (such as e.g. Linz and Stepan, Przeworksi, Karl and Schmitter) have attempted to apply existing theories to previously unexamined areas of the world (most relevant to this paper is the application of South European and Latin American transitions and consolidations to the new democracies of Eastern Europe). But what is their goal? In order to gain a new insight of how applicable an existing theory is cross-nationally, Or to show that we cannot apply theories to multiple regions? The latter might indicate that there is specificity and uniqueness to a region or a theory.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Can Lipset’s theory travel through time and space? the destination Nicaragua, 1972-1998. A time series test of the social requisites of democracy.|
|Keywords:||political economy, political development, democratization, economic transition|
|Subjects:||P - Economic Systems > P3 - Socialist Institutions and Their Transitions > P36 - Consumer Economics ; Health ; Education and Training ; Welfare, Income, Wealth, and Poverty
F - International Economics > F5 - International Relations, National Security, and International Political Economy > F50 - General
O - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth > O1 - Economic Development > O10 - General
O - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth > O5 - Economywide Country Studies > O54 - Latin America ; Caribbean
O - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth > O1 - Economic Development > O15 - Human Resources ; Human Development ; Income Distribution ; Migration
|Depositing User:||Katja Michalak|
|Date Deposited:||29. Jun 2011 12:41|
|Last Modified:||12. Feb 2013 17:34|
Arat, Zehra. Democracy and Economic Development: Modernization Theory Revisited. Comparative Politics, Volume 21, Issue 1, Oct. 1988, 21-36.
Di Palma (ed). 1988. The Central American Impasse. Journal of Latin American Studies, Vol. 20, No. 1. (May, 1988), pp. 239-241.
Eckstein, Harry. 1988. A Culturalist Theory of Political Change. American Political Science Review 82: 789-804.
Espinosa, Maria. 2001. How can visual communicators improve social marketing campaigns in Nicaragua’s decentralization policy of the education system? Masters Thesis. The Ohio State University.
Huntington, Samuel. 1993. Third Wave. Democratization in the late 21st century. Oklahoma: University Press.
Latin American Bank for Development
Lipset, 1994. The Social Requisites of Democracy Revisited. American Sociological Review, Vol. 59, No. 1. (Feb., 1994), pp. 1-22.
Lipset, Seymour Martin. Some Social Requisites of Democracy: Economic Development and Political Legitimacy. The American Political Science Review, Volume 53, Issue 1 (Mar., 1959), 69-105.
Neddler, Martin. Political Development and Socioeconomic Development: The Case of Latin America. The American Political Science Review, Volume 62, Issue 3, Sept. 1968, 889-897.
Seligson, Mitchell. Political Culture and Regime Type: Evidence from Nicaragua and Cost Rica. The Journal of Politics. Vol. 53, Issue 3, Aug. 1993, 777-792.
UNESCO, Statistical Yearbook, 1972 to 1998.
Wilke, James. (ed.). 2002. Statistical Abstract of Latin America. Volume 38. UCLA Latin American Center Publications. University of California, Los Angeles.
World Development Indicator, World Bank. 2002.