Shingal, Anirudh (2010): Services procurement under the WTO’s agreement on government procurement: whither market access? Forthcoming in: World Trade Review , Vol. 4, No. 10 (October 2011): pp. 1-23.
Download (336kB) | Preview
This paper studies the government procurement of services from foreign suppliers by conducting a statistical analysis of data submitted by Japan and Switzerland to the WTO's Committee on Government Procurement. Using several metrics, the paper examines whether the WTO’s Agreement on Government Procurement (GPA) has led to greater market access for foreign suppliers in services procurement. Our results indicate that despite the GPA, the proportions of services contracts awarded to foreigners have declined over time for both countries and that in the absence of this decline, the value of services contracts awarded to foreign firms would have been more than 15 times higher in the case of Japan and nearly 68 times more in the case of Switzerland. We also find that for the same services categories, the Japanese government is not purchasing as much from abroad as its private sector is importing from the rest of the world, a finding that further points to the home-bias in that government's public purchase decisions.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Services procurement under the WTO’s agreement on government procurement: whither market access?|
|Keywords:||Services, public procurement, GPA, Japan, Switzerland|
|Subjects:||H - Public Economics > H5 - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies > H57 - Procurement
F - International Economics > F1 - Trade > F13 - Trade Policy ; International Trade Organizations
F - International Economics > F1 - Trade > F10 - General
|Depositing User:||Anirudh Shingal|
|Date Deposited:||19. Aug 2011 11:21|
|Last Modified:||24. Mar 2015 15:00|
Baldwin, R.E. (1970). ‘Nontariff Distortions of International Trade.’ Brookings Institution, Washington, DC.
Baldwin, R.E. (1984). ‘Trade policies in developed countries,’ in Jones, R., Kenen, P. (Eds.), Handbook of International Economics, North-Holland, Amsterdam.
Baumol, W. (1967). ‘Macroeconomics of unbalanced growth: The anatomy of urban crisis,’ American Economic Review, 57 (3), 415-426.
Branco, Fernando. (1994). ‘Favouring Domestic Firms in Procurement Contracts.’ Journal of International Economics, No. 37, pp 65-80.
Breton, Albert & Pierre Salmon (1995). ‘Are Discriminatory Procurement Policies Motivated by Protectionism?’ Kyklos, 49: 47-68.
Chen, Xiangqun (1995). ‘Directing Government Procurement as an Incentive of Production.’ Journal of Economic Integration, 10: 130-40.
Deltas, George & Simon Evenett (1997). ‘Quantitative Estimates of the Effects of Preference Policies’ in Bernard Hoekman & Petros Mavroidis ed. Law and Policy in Public Purchasing: The WTO Agreement on Government Procurement, University of Michigan Press.
Evenett, Simon J. (2000). ‘Reforming the Government Procurement Agreement: Promote Transparency then Non-discrimination,’ The World Bank, the Brookings Institutions and CEPR, November.
Evenett, Simon & Anirudh Shingal (2006). ‘Monitoring Implementation: Japan and the WTO Agreement on Government Procurement,’ in Economic Development & Multilateral Trade Cooperation, Oxford University Press and the World Bank.
Laffont, J.J & Jean Tirole (1991).’Auction Design and Favouritism.’ International Journal of Industrial Organization, 9: 9-42.
McAfee, R. Preston & John McMillan (1989). ‘Government Procurement and International Trade.’ Journal of International Economics, 26: 291-308.
Miyagiwa, K. (1991). ‘Oligopoly and discriminatory government procurement policy.’ American Economic Review 81, 1321–1328.
OECD (2002). ‘The Size of Government Procurement Markets,’ Journal of Budgeting 1(4).
OECD (various years). ‘StatExtracts’ (http://stats.oecd.org/Index.aspx)
Rothenberg, Julio (1993). “Comment” in Jim Leitzel & Jean Tirole eds. Incentives in Procurement Contracting. Boulder: Westview Press.
Shingal, Anirudh (2002). ‘The Agreement on Government Procurement: An Analysis of Submissions made by Japan,’ unpublished Masters Thesis, World Trade Institute, Berne.
Transparency International (1997). ‘The TI Source Book: Applying the Framework’ (www.transparency.de)
UNSC (2002). ‘GATS, CPC Version 1.1,’ GNS/W/120. (http://unstats.un.org/unsd/statcom/doc02/cpc.pdf)
Wagner, Adolph, (1863), Grundlegung der Politischen Ökonomie.
World Bank (1994). ‘Rehabilitation Loan: Pre-Identified Import Component Distribution Monitoring Report,’ December 9, mimeo.
World Trade Organization (various years). ‘Statistics reports under Article XIX: 5 of the GPA,’ Committee on Government Procurement. (http://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/gproc_e/gpstat_e.htm)