Yawson, Robert M. (2011): The lived experience of an American expatriate in Ghana: A rhetorical analysis of facebook postings to understand a cross-cultural behavior. Published in: OLPD Research Conference, St. Paul, MN
Download (190kB) | Preview
Using rhetorical analyses of the Facebook updates and postings, the lived experience of an American Expatriate in Ghana is told through the lenses of a Ghanaian living in the United States. The study reviews the contemporary understanding and importance of expatriation to organizations and provides detailed description and analysis of different models with theoretical base from cognitive and social psychology and sociology including models developed by Fons Trompenaars, Geert Hofstede, Harry Triandis, and E.T. Hall to understand the thinking and behavior of this expatriate as revealed through postings on his Facebook page. The paper concludes by re-affirming the importance of pre-departure cultural sensitivity training and the significant role of HRD professionals even in non-typical HRD –related organizations.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||The lived experience of an American expatriate in Ghana: A rhetorical analysis of facebook postings to understand a cross-cultural behavior|
|Keywords:||Cross-Cultural; facebook; expatriation; social psychology|
|Subjects:||M - Business Administration and Business Economics ; Marketing ; Accounting ; Personnel Economics > M1 - Business Administration > M14 - Corporate Culture ; Diversity ; Social Responsibility
O - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth > O1 - Economic Development
D - Microeconomics > D2 - Production and Organizations > D23 - Organizational Behavior ; Transaction Costs ; Property Rights
L - Industrial Organization > L2 - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior
M - Business Administration and Business Economics ; Marketing ; Accounting ; Personnel Economics > M1 - Business Administration
O - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth > O1 - Economic Development > O15 - Human Resources ; Human Development ; Income Distribution ; Migration
P - Economic Systems > P3 - Socialist Institutions and Their Transitions
|Depositing User:||Prof. Robert M Yawson|
|Date Deposited:||07. Sep 2011 09:25|
|Last Modified:||24. Apr 2015 23:27|
Anon (2010). Facebook Status Updates: Rhetorical Analysis Questions. Available at: http://www.omgsearch.net/facebook-status-questions.html [Accessed on: November 2, 2010]
Bennett, M. J. (1993). Towards A Development Model of Intercultural Sensitivity. In, Education for the Intercultural Experience. Yarmouth, ME: Intercultural Press.
Bird, A., & Dunbar, R. (1991). Getting the Job Done Over There: Improving Expatriate Productivity. National Productivity Review, 10 (Spring), 145-156.
Black, J. S. (1992). Socialising American Expatriate Managers Overseas. Group and Organisation Management, 17(2), 171-192.
Black, J. S., & Mendenhall, M. (1990). Cross-cultural Training Effectiveness: A Review and a Theoretical Framework for Future Research. Academy of Management Review, 15(I), 113-136.
Boyacigiller, N. (1991). The International Assignment Reconsidered. In, M.E. Mendenhall & G.R. Oddou (Eds.), International Human Resource Management: Boston MA: PWS-Kent, 148-155.
Briody, E. K., & Chrisman, J. B. (1991). Cultural Adaptation on Overseas Assignments. Human Organisation, 50 (3), 264-281.
Caligiuri, P., Phillips, J., Lazarova, M., Tarique, I., & Burgi, P. (2001). The theory of met expectations applied to expatriate adjustment: the role of cross-cultural training. International Journal of Human Resource Management 12(3), 357-372.
Deshpande, S. P., & Viswesvaran, C. (1992). Is Cross-cultural Training of Expatriate Managers Effective: A Meta Analysis. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 16(3), 295-310.
Dowling, P.J., Schuler, R.S., and Welch, D.E. (1994). International Dimensions of Human Resource Management (2nd ed.). Belmont: Wadsworth.
Farmer, F. (1998). Dialogue and Critique: Bakhtin and the Cultural Studies Writing Classroom. College Composition and Communication 49, 186–207.
Fenwick, M. S., De Cieri, H. L., & Welch, D. E. (1999). Cultural and Bureaucratic Control in MNEs: The Role of Expatriate Performance Management. Management International Review, 39(3), 107-124.
Fife, J. M. (2010). Using Facebook to Teach Rhetorical Analysis. Pedagogy, 10(3), 555-562.
Gannon, M., & Pillai, R. (2009). Understanding global cultures: Metaphorical journeys through 29 nations, clusters of nations, continents, and diversity. Los Angeles, CA: Sage.
Grainger, R. J. & Nankervis, A. R. (2001). Expatriation Practices in the Global Business Environment, Research and Practice in Human Resource Management, 9(2), 77-92.
Hall, E.T. (1959). The Silent Language, New York: Doubleday
Hall, E.T. (1976). How cultures collide. Psychology Today 10(2), 66-97.
Hall, E.T. (1983). The Dance of Life: The Other Dimension of Time, New York: Doubleday
Hofstede, G. (1983). Dimensions of national cultures in fifty countries and three regions. In J. Deregowski, S. Dzirawiec, & R. Annis (Eds.), Explications in Cross-Cultural Psychology (pp. 389-407). Lisse, the Netherlands: Swets and Zeitlinger.
Hofstede, G. (1999). Problems remain but theories will change: the universal and the specific in 21st-century global management. Organizational Dynamics, 28(1), 34-44.
Kale, S. H. & De, S. (2008). Culturally compatible websites: Applying Trompenaars dimensions to web design. In, shifting focus from the mainstream to offbeat. Sydney, Australia: Proceedings of Australian & New Zealand Marketing Academy Conference (ANZMAC).
Katz, J. P., & Seifer, D. M. (1996). It's a Different World Out There: Planning for Expatriate Success Through Selection, Pre-departure Training, and On-site Socialisation. Human Resource Planning, 19(2), 32-47.
Kealey, D. J., & Protheroe, D. R. (1996). The Effectiveness of Cross-cultural Training for Expatriates: An Assessment of the Literature on the Issue. International Journal of intercultural Relations, 20(2), 141-165.
Lee, W-N., & Choi, S. M. (2005). The role of horizontal and vertical individualism and collectivism in online consumers' response toward persuasive communication on the Web. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 11(1), article 15. http://jcmc.indiana.edu/vol11/issue1/wnlee.html
O’Boyle, T. (1989). Grappling with the Expatriate Issue. The Wall Street Journal, December 11: B1.
Osman-Gani, A. M. (2000). Developing Expatriates for the Asia-Pacific Region: A Comparative Analysis of Multinational Enterprise Managers from Five Countries across Three Continents. Human Resource Development Quarterly, 11(3), 213-235.
Randolph, W. A., & Sashkin, M. (2002). Can Organisational Empowerment Work in Multinational Settings? Academy of Management Executive, 16(1),102-115.
Rosen, J. (2010). The Web Means the End of Forgetting. New York Times July 21, 2010 Edition
Rosenzweig, P. M. (1994). The New 'American Challenge': Foreign Multinationals in the United States. California Management Review, 36 (3), 107-123.
Selmer, J. (2001). Coping Adjustments of Western Expatriate Managers in Hong Kong. Scandinavian Journal of Management, 17, 167-185.
Straker, D. (2008). Changing Minds: in Detail. Syque Press. Available online at: http://changingminds.org/explanations/culture/hall_culture.htm [Accessed on: November 19, 2010]
Thomas, D., & Inkson, K. (2009). Cultural intelligence: Living and working globally. San Francisco, CA: Berrett-Koehler.
Triandis, H. C. (1995). Individualism and Collectivism. Boulder, CO: Westview.
Triandis, H. C. (2001). Individualism-collectivism and personality. Journal of Personality, 69, 907-924.
Trompenaars, F. (1993). Riding the Waves of Culture: Understanding Diversity in Global Business. London: The Economist Books.
Tung, R. L. (1981). Selection and Training of Personnel for Overseas Management. Columbia Journal of World Business, 16(1), 68-78.
Wyatt, C. S. (2010). Introduction to Rhetoric. Available at: http://www.tameri.com/teaching/rhetoric.html [Accessed December 1, 2010]