Halkos, George and Jones, Nikoleta (2011): Social factors influencing the decision to pay for the protection of biodiversity: A case study in two national parks of Northern Greece.
Download (388kB) | Preview
The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of social factors (expressed as social norms, institutional and social trust and social networks) on the decision of individuals to pay for the protection of biodiversity. For this purpose an empirical study was carried out in two National Parks of Northern Greece. Three scenarios were proposed differing on the payment mechanism and the management actors (regulatory, market-based and community-based scenarios). Our empirical results show that social capital variables, especially social norms and social trust, have a strong influence both on the decision of individuals to pay and the specific amount stated. Specifically, we find that social norms have a positive influence for the willingness to pay (WTP) of individuals of a state-tax and an entrance fee (regulatory and market-based scenario respectively). Furthermore, social trust has a positive impact for the WTP through an entrance fee and a community tax (market-based and community-based scenario respectively). We also find a higher WTP of individuals towards the market based scenario where participation of citizens is higher compared to the current management status. Concerning the impact of demographic factors, we find that income does not influence the specific amount stated by individuals.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Social factors influencing the decision to pay for the protection of biodiversity: A case study in two national parks of Northern Greece|
|Keywords:||Social factors; willingness to pay; biodiversity; Greece|
|Subjects:||C - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods > C5 - Econometric Modeling > C52 - Model Evaluation, Validation, and Selection
Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics ; Environmental and Ecological Economics > Q5 - Environmental Economics > Q51 - Valuation of Environmental Effects
|Depositing User:||G.E. Halkos|
|Date Deposited:||07. Nov 2011 21:51|
|Last Modified:||19. Feb 2013 07:35|
Amigues J.P., Boulatoff (Broadhead) C., Desaigues B., Gauthier C., Keith J.E. 2002. The benefits and costs of riparian analysis habitat preservation: a willingness to accept/willingness to pay contingent valuation approach. Ecological Economics. 43, 17-31.
Angulo-Valdes JA, Hatcher BG. 2010. A new typology of benefits derived from marine protected areas. Marine Policy. 34: 635-644.
Adams C., Seroa da Motta R., Ortiz R.A., Reid J., Aznar C.E., and Sinisgalli P.A. (2008). "The use of contingent valuation for evaluating protected areas in the developing world: Economic valuation of Morro do Diabo State Park, Atlantic Rainforest, Sao Paulo State (Brazil)." Ecological Economics, 66, 359-370.
Asafu-Adjaye J, Tapsuwan S. 2008. A contingent valuation study of scuba diving benefits: Case study in Mu Ko Similan Marine National Park, Thailand. Tourism Management. 29: 1122-1130.
Awad I. and Holländer R. (2010). Applying Contingent Valuation Method to Measure the Total Economic Value of Domestic Water Services: A Case Study in Ramallah Governorate, Palestine. European Journal of Economics, Finance and Administrative Sciences 20: 76-93.
Baral N, Stern MJ, Bhattarai R. 2008. Contingent valuation of ecotourism in Annapurna conservation area, Nepal: Implications for sustainable park finance and local development. Ecological Economics. 66: 218-227.
Beierle T.C., and Cayford J. (2002). "Democracy in practice. Public participation in Environmental Decisions." Resources for the Future , Washington D.C.
Bernard F, de Groot RS, Campos JJ. 2009. Valuation of tropical forest services and mechanisms to finance their conservation and sustainable use: A case study of Tapanti National Park, Costa Rica. Forest Policy and Economics. 11: 174-183.
Beugelsdijk S., and Schaik T.V. (2005). "Differences in Social Capital between 54 Western European Regions." Regional Studies, 39(8), 1053-1064.
Birol E., Karousakis K., and Koundouri P. Using economic valuation techniques to inform water resources management: A survey and critical appraisal of available techniques and an application. Science of the Total Environment. 365, 105-122.
Blamey R.K. (1998). "Decisiveness, attitude expression and symbolic responses in contingent valuation surveys." Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 34, 577-601.
Cameron A.C. and Trivedi P.K, (2009). Microeconometrics: Methods and applications. Cambridge University Press.
Coleman J.S. (1990). "Foundations of Social Theory." Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Massachussetts- London, England.
Cragg, J. (1971). Some statistical models for limited dependent variables with application to the demand for durable goods. Econometrica, 39(5):829–844.
Damigos D., and Kaliampakos D. (2003). "Assessing the benefits of reclaiming urban quarries: a CVM analysis." Landscape and Urban Planning, 64, 249-258.
Dimitrakopoulos, P.G., Jones, N., Iosifides, T., Florokapi, I., Lasda, O., Paliouras, F., Evangelinos, K.I., 2010. Local attitudes on protected areas: Evidence from three Natura 2000 wetland sites in Greece. Journal of Environmental Management. 91, 1847-1854.
Garrod G., and Willis K.G. (1999). "Economic valuation of the environment: Methods and case studies." Edwarg Elgar Publishing , Chelthenham, UK.
Hanley N., and Spash C.L. (1993). "Cost benefit analysis and the environment." Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, UK.
Heckman, J. (1979). Sample selection bias as a specification error. Econometrica, pages 153–161.
Humphreys B. R (2010). Dealing With Zeros in Economic Data. Accessible at www.ualberta.ca/~bhumphre/class/zeros_v1.pdf
Johnston R.J., Swallow S.K., and Weaver T.F. (1999). "Estimating willingness to pay and resources tradeoffd with different payment mechanisms: An evaluation of a funding guarantee for watershed management." Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, 38, 97-120.
Jones N., Malesios C., and Sophoulis C.M. 2008. Economic valuation of coastal water quality and protest responses: A case study in Mitilini, Greece. Journal of Socio-Economics, 37, 2478-2491.
Jones N., Sophoulis C.M., Iosifides T., Botetzagias I., and Konstantinos E. (2009). "The influence of social capital on environmental policy instruments." Environmental Politics, 18(4), 595-611.
Jones N. 2010. Environmental activation of citizens in the context of policy agenda formation and the influence of social capital. The Social Science Journal, 47, 121-136.
Jones N., Evangelinos I.K., Iosifides T., Halvadakis P.C., Sophoulis C.M. 2010. Social factors influencing perceptions and willingness to pay for a market-based policy aiming on solid waste management, Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 54(9), 533-540.
Jones, N., Iosifides, T., Evangelinos, K.I., Florokapi, I., Dimitrakopoulos, P.G., 2011a. Investigating knowledge and perceptions of citizens of the National Park of Eastern Macedonia and Thrace, Greece. International Journal of Sustainable Development & World Ecology. doi: 10.1080/13504509.2011.584579
Jones N., Halvadakis C.P., Sophoulis C.M. 2011b. Social capital and household solid waste management policies: A case study in Mytilene, Greece. Environmental Politics, 20 (2), 264-283.
Kim J.Y. (2005). "Bowling together" isn't a cure-all: The relationship between social capital and political trust in South Korea." International Political Science Review, 26(2), 193-213.
Kontogianni A., Langford I.H., Papandreou A., and Skourtos M.S. (2003). "Social preferences for improving water quality: An economic analysis of benefits from wastewater treatment, Water Resources Management, 17, 317-336.
Krystallis A., and Chryssohoidis G. (2005). Consumers' willingness to pay for organic food. Factors that affect it and variation per organic product type. British Food Journal, 107(5), 320-343.
Machairas I., and Hovardas T. (2005). "Determining Visitors Dispositions Toward the Designation of a Greek National Park." Environmental Management, 36(1), 73-88.
Martin-Lopez B, Montes C, Benayas J. 2007. The non-economic motives behind the willingness to pay for biodiversity conservation. Biological Conservation. 139: 67-82.
Meyerhoff J., and Liebe U. 2006. Protest beliefs in contingent valuation: Explaining their motivation. Ecological Economics, 57, 583-594.
Mitchell R.C., and Carson R.T. (1989). "Using surveys to value public goods, The contingent valuation method." Resources For the Future, Washington D.C.
Morrison M.D., Blamey R.K., and Bennett J.W. (2000). "Minimising Payment Vehicle Bias in Contingent Valuation Studies." Environmental and Resource Economics, 16, 407-422.
Newton K., and Norris P. (2000). "Confidence in Public Institutions: Faith, Culture, or Performance?" Disaffected Democracies: What's troubling the trilateral countries, Pharr S.J., and Putnam R., eds., Princeton University Press, Princeton NJ, 52-73.
OECD 2010. Education at a glance 2010: OECD Indicators, OECD. Oglethorpe D.R., and Miliadou D. (2000). "Economic Valuation of the Non-use Attributes of a Wetland: A Case-study for Lake Kerkini." Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, 43(6), 755-767.
Papageorgiou K., and Vogiatzakis I.N. (2006). "Nature protection in Greece: an appraisal of the factors shaping integrative conservation and policy effectiveness." Environmental Science and Policy, 9, 476-486.
Pavlikakis G.E., and Tsihrintzis V.A. 2006. Perceptions and preferences of the local population in Eastern Macedonia and Thrace National Park in Greece. Landscape and Urban Planning, 77, 1-16.
Polyzou E., Jones N., Evangelinos I.K., Halvadakis C.P. 2010. Willingness to pay for drinking water quality improvement and the influence of social capital. Journal of Socio-Economics, 40, 74-80.
Pretty J. (2003). "Social Capital and the Collective Management of Resources." Science, 302, 1912-1914.
Putnam R. (2000). "Bowling alone: The collapse and revival of American community." Simon & Schuster Paperbacks, New York.
Thur S.M. (2010). "User fees as sustainable financing mechanisms for marine protected areas: An application to the Bonaire National Marine Park." Marine Policy, 34, 63-69.
Tobin, James (1958a), "Estimation of relationships for limited dependent variables", Econometrica (The Econometric Society) 26 (1): 24–36, doi:10.2307/1907382
Troumbis, A.Y., Dimitrakopoulos, P.G., 1998. Geographic coincidence of diversity threatspots for three taxa and conservation planning in Greece. Biological Conservation. 84, 1-6.
Turpie J.K. 2003. The existence value of biodiversity in South Africa: how interest, experience, knowledge, income and perceived level of threat influence local willingness to pay. Ecological Economics. 46, 199-216.
Uslaner E.M., and Conley R.S. (2003). "Civic engagement and particularized trust: The ties that bind people to the ethnic communities." American Political Research, 31(4), 331-360.
van Oorschot W., Arts W., and Gelissen J. (2006). "Social capital in Europe. Measurement and Social and Regional Distribution of a Multifaceted Phenomenon." Acta Sociologica, 49(2), 149-176.
Venkatachalam L. (2004). "The contingent valuation method: a review." Environmental Impact Assessment Review, 24, 89-124. Vuong, Q. (1989). Likelihood ratio tests for model selection and non-nested hypotheses. Econometrica , 57(2):307–333.
Wakefield S., Elliott S., Eyles J., and Cole D. (2006). "Taking Environmental Action: The Role of Local Composition, Context, and Collective" Environmental Management, 37, 40-53.
Whitehead J.C., and Cherry T.L. (2007). "Willingness to pay for a Green Energy program: A comparison of ex-ante and ex-post hypothetical bias mitigation approaches." Resource and Energy Economics, 29, 247-261.
Wiser R.H. (2007). "Using contingent valuation to explore willingness to pay for renewable energy: A comparison of collective and voluntary payment vehicles." Ecological Economics, 62, 419-432.
Yoo S.-H., Kwak S.-J., and Kim T.-Y. (2001). "Modelling willingness to pay response from dichotomous choice contingent valuation surveys with zero observations." Applied Economics, 33, 523-529.