Caleiro, António (2011): Desemprego e felicidade em Portugal.
Download (200kB) | Preview
In traditional terms, the wealth of an economy is measured by its level of production. More recently it has been suggested another measure based on the degree of happiness, which is associated to the levels of satisfaction or quality of life. By some considered paradoxical is the fact that those two measures do not appear to be perfectly correlated. In fact, there are poorer countries in terms of production, which are characterized by higher degrees of happiness. Furthermore, the reality shows that, even in times of economic crisis, the degree of happiness may increase. These are the facts that we seek to clarify, from the viewpoint of the Economics of Happiness, through the analysis of the relationship between happiness and unemployment in Portugal.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Desemprego e felicidade em Portugal|
|English Title:||Unemployment and happiness in Portugal|
|Keywords:||Desemprego; Economia da felicidade; Felicidade; Portugal; Qualidade de vida|
|Subjects:||D - Microeconomics > D3 - Distribution > D31 - Personal Income, Wealth, and Their Distributions
E - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics > E2 - Consumption, Saving, Production, Investment, Labor Markets, and Informal Economy > E24 - Employment ; Unemployment ; Wages ; Intergenerational Income Distribution ; Aggregate Human Capital ; Aggregate Labor Productivity
A - General Economics and Teaching > A1 - General Economics > A12 - Relation of Economics to Other Disciplines
E - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics > E0 - General > E01 - Measurement and Data on National Income and Product Accounts and Wealth ; Environmental Accounts
I - Health, Education, and Welfare > I3 - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty > I32 - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty
|Depositing User:||António Caleiro|
|Date Deposited:||27. Nov 2011 12:16|
|Last Modified:||28. Apr 2015 11:53|
Alesina, A.; Di Tella, R; MacCulloch, R. (2004), “Inequality and happiness: Are Europeans and Americans different?”, Journal of Public Economics, 88, 2009-2042.
Argyle, M. (2001), The psychology of happiness, 2.a edição, London: Routledge.
Bell, D.; Blanchflower, D.G. (2007), “The Scots may be brave but they are neither healthy nor happy”, Scottish Journal of Political Economy, 54: 2, Maio, 166-194.
Blanchflower, D.G.; Oswald A.J. (2004), “Well-being over time in Britain and the USA”, Journal of Public Economics, 88, 1359-1386.
Caleiro, A. (2006), “How is Confidence related to Unemployment in Portugal”, Applied Economics Letters, 13: 3, 887-890.
Clark, A.E.; Oswald, A.J. (1994), “Unhappiness and unemployment”, Economic Journal, 104, 648-659.
Diener, E. (2000), “Subjective wellbeing: The science of happiness a proposal for a national index”, American Psychologist, 55, 34-43.
Diener, E.; Sandvik, E.; Seidlitz, L.; Diener, M. (1993), “The relationship between income and subjective well-being: relative or absolute?”, Social Indicators Research, 28, 195-223.
Diener, E.; Diener, M.; Diener, C. (1995), “Factors predicting the subjective well-being of nations”, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 69, 851-864.
Diener, E.; Suh, E.M.; Smith, H.; Shao, L. (1995), “National differences in reported subjective well-being: why do they occur?”, Social Indicators Research, 34, 7-32.
Diener, E.; Suh, E.M.; Lucas, R.E.; Smith, H.L. (1999), “Subjective Well-Being: Three Decades of Progress”, Psychological Bulletin, 125: 2, 276-302.
Di Tella, R.; MacCulloch, R.J.; Oswald, A.J. (2003), “The macroeconomics of happiness”, Review of Economics and Statistics, 85, 809-827.
Di Tella, R.; MacCulloch, R. (2005), “Partisan Social Happiness”, Review of Economic Studies, 72: 2, 367-933.
Di Tella, R.; MacCulloch, R. (2006), “Some Uses of Happiness Data in Economics”, Journal of Economic Perspectives, 20: 1, 25-46.
Easterlin, R. (1974), “Does Economic Growth Improve the Human Lot? Some Empirical Evidence”, in David, P.; Reder, M. (eds.), Nations and Households in Economic Growth: Essays in Honour of Moses Abramovitz, New York & London: Academic Press, 98-125.
Eggers, A.; Gaddy, C.; Graham, C. (2006), “Well-being and unemployment in Russia in the 1990s: Can society’s suffering be individuals’ solace?, The Journal of Socio-Economics, 35, 209-242.
Fahey, T.; Smyth, E. (2004), “Do subjective indicators measure welfare? Evidence from 33 European societies”, European Societies, 6: 1, 5-27.
Fellows, Erwin W. (1966), “Happiness: A survey of research”, Journal of Humanistic Psychology, 6: 1, 17-30.
Ferrer-i-Carbonella, A. (2005), “Income and well-being: An empirical analysis of the comparison income effect”, Journal of Public Economics, 89, 997-1019.
Frey B.S.; Stutzer, A. (2002), Happiness & economics, Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Helliwell, J.F. (2003), “How’s life? Combining individual and national variables to explain subjective well-being”, Economic Modelling, 20, 331-360.
Helliwell, J. (2006), “Wellbeing, social capital and public policy: What’s new?”, Economic Journal, 116, C34-C45.
Kahneman, D.; Diener, E.; Schwarz, N.; eds. (1999), Well-being: Foundations of hedonic psychology, New York: Russell Sage Foundation Press.
Kahneman D.; Krueger A.B.; Schkade D., Schwarz N.; Stone A. (2004), “Toward national well-being accounts”, American Economic Review, 94:2, 429-434.
Kahneman, D.; Krueger, A.B. (2006), “Developments in the measurement of subjective well-being”, Journal of Economic Perspectives, 20: 1, 3-24.
Kenny, C. (1999), “Does growth cause happiness, or does happiness cause growth?”, Kyklos, 52, 3-25.
Layard, R. (2005), Happiness: Lessons from a New Science, Penguin Books.
Lester, D. (2002), “National ratings of happiness, suicide, and homicide”, Psychological Reports, 91, 758-758.
Maslow, A. (1970), Motivation and Personality, New York: Harper and Row.
Ng, Y.K. (1997), “A case for happiness, cardinalism, and interpersonal comparability”, Economic Journal, 107, 1848-1858.
Oswald, A.J. (1997), “Happiness and economic performance”, Economic Journal, 107, 1815-1831.
Radcliff, B. (2001), “Politics, markets, and life satisfaction: The political economy of human happiness”, American Political Science Review, 95, 939-952.
Ruhm, C.J. (2003), “Good times make you sick”, Journal of Health Economics, 22, 637-658.
Schyns, P. (2002), “Wealth of nations, individual income and life satisfaction in 42 countries: A multilevel approach”, Social Indicators Research, 60, 5-40.
Steel, P.; Ones, D.S. (2002), “Personality and happiness: A national-level analysis”, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 83, 767-781.
Theodossiou, I. (1998), “The effects of low-pay and unemployment on psychological well-being: A logistic regression approach”, Journal of Health Economics, 17, 85-104.
van Hoorn, A. (2007), “A Short Introduction to Subjective Well-Being: Its measurement, correlates and policy uses”, Comunicação apresentada na conferência: Is happiness measurable and what do those measures mean for policy?, organizada pelo Banco de Itália, pelo Centre for Economic & International Studies (CEIS), pelo Joint Research Centre da Comissão Europeia e pela OCDE, 2-3 Abril 2007, Universidade de Roma ‘Tor Vergata’.
Van Praag, B.M.S.; Ferrer-i-Carbonell, A. (2007), Happiness Quantified: A Satisfaction Calculus Approach, edição revista, Oxford: Oxford University Press, Dezembro.
Vemuri, A.W.; Constanza, R. (2006), “The role of human, social, built, and natural capital in explaining life satisfaction at the country level: Toward a National Well-being Index (NWI)”, Ecological Economics, 58, 119-133.
White, A. (2007), “A Global Projection of Subjective Well-being: A Challenge To Positive Psychology?”, Psychtalk, 56, 17-20.
Wilson, W. (1967), “Correlates of avowed happiness”, Psychological Bulletin, 67, 294-306.
Wolfers, J. (2003), “Is Business Cycle Volatily Costly? Evidence from Surveys of Subjective Well-Being”, International Finance, 6: 1, 1-31.
Zadeh, L.A. (1965), “Fuzzy Sets”, Information and Control, 8, 338-353.