Simplice A, Asongu (2012): Determinants of Health Professionals’ Migration in Africa.
Download (198kB) | Preview
How do economic prosperity, health expenditure, savings, price-stability, demographic change, democracy, corruption-control, press-freedom, government effectiveness, human development, foreign-aid, physical security, trade openness and financial liberalization play-out in the fight against health-worker crisis when existing emigration levels matter? Despite the acute concern of health-worker crisis in Africa owing to emigration, lack of relevant data has made the subject matter empirically void over the last decades. This paper assesses the theoretical postulations of the WHO report on determinants of health-worker migration. Findings provide a broad range of tools for the fight against health-worker brain-drain. As a policy implication, blanket emigration-control policies are unlikely to succeed equally across countries with different levels of emigration. Thus to be effective, immigration policies should be contingent on the prevailing levels of the crisis and tailored differently across countries with the best and worst records on fighting health worker emigration.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Determinants of Health Professionals’ Migration in Africa|
|Keywords:||Welfare; Health; Human Capital; Migration|
|Subjects:||F - International Economics > F2 - International Factor Movements and International Business > F22 - International Migration
O - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth > O1 - Economic Development > O15 - Human Resources ; Human Development ; Income Distribution ; Migration
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J2 - Demand and Supply of Labor > J24 - Human Capital ; Skills ; Occupational Choice ; Labor Productivity
D - Microeconomics > D6 - Welfare Economics > D60 - General
I - Health, Education, and Welfare > I1 - Health > I10 - General
|Depositing User:||Simplice Anutechia Asongu|
|Date Deposited:||26. Mar 2012 02:26|
|Last Modified:||18. Feb 2013 21:56|
Anarfi, J., Quartey, P., & Agyei, J.(2010), “Key Determinants of Migration among Health Professionals in Ghana”, Development Research Centre on Migration, Globalization and Poverty.
Asongu, S. A. (2011a), “How would population growth affect investment in the future? Asymmetric panel causal evidence for Africa”, MPRA Paper No.30124.
Asongu, S. A. (2011b), “Long-term effects of population growth on aggregate investment dynamics: selected country evidence for Africa”, MPRA Paper No. 30128.
Asongu, S. A. & Jingwa, B. A., (2011), “Population growth and forest sustainability in Africa”, MPRA Paper, No. 35179.
Asongu, S. A., (2012a), “Fighting corruption in Africa: do existing corruption-control levels matter”, MPRA Paper No. 36900.
Asongu, S. A., (2012b), “Fighting corruption when existing corruption-control levels count: what do wealth effects tell us”, MPRA Paper No. 36901.
Asongu, S. A., (2012c), “Fighting corruption with cultural dynamics: when legal-origins, religious-influences and existing corruption-control levels matter”, MPRA Paper No. 36893.
Asongu, S. A., (2012d), “Globalization and Africa: implications for human development”, MPRA Paper No. 36546.
Asongu, S. A., (2012e), “The political economy of development assistance: peril to government quality dynamics in Africa”, MPRA Paper No. 36543.
Awases, M., Gbary, A., Nyoni, J., & Chatora, R.,(2004), “Migration of health professionals in six countries: A synthesis report”, WTO Regional Office for Africa Report.
Billger, S. M., & Goel, R. K., (2009),“Do existing corruption levels matter in controlling corruption? Cross-country quantile regression estimates”, Journal of Development Economics, 90, pp.299-305.
Bueno de Mesquita, J., & Gordon, M.,(2005), The International Migration of Health Workers : A Human Rights Analysis. London: Medact.
Bundred, P., Martineau, T., & Kitchiner, D.,(2004), “Factors affecting the global migration of health professional”, Harvard Health Policy Review, 5, pp.77-87.
Clemens, M., & Pettersson, G.,(2006), “Medical Leave: A new database of health professional emigration from Africa”, Center for Global Development, Washington D.C.
Crush, J., Pendleton, W., & Tevera, D. S.,(2005), “Degrees of Uncertainty: Students and the Brain Drain in Southern Africa”, African Institute of South Africa.
Dovlo, D., (2005a), “Migration and health system: influences on reaching the MDGs in Africa(and other LDCs)”. In International Migration and the Millennium Development Goals(pp.67-79). New York:UNFPA.
Dovlo, D., (2005b), “Wastage in the health workforce: some perspectives from African countries”, Human Resources for Health, 3, pp.1-9.
Gerein, N., Green, A., & Pearson, S. (2006), “The Implications of Shortages of Health Professionals for Maternal Health in Sub-Saharan Africa”, Reproductive Health Matters, 14, pp.40-50.
Hagopian, A., Ofosu, A., Fatusi, A., Biritwum, R., Essel, A., Gary, H. L, & Watts, C., (2005), “The flight of physicians from West Africa: Views of African physicians and implications for polity”, Social Science & Medicine, 61, pp.1750-1760.
Joint Learning Initiative(2004), Human Resources for Health: Overcoming the Crisis. Cambridge MA: Global Equity Initiative, Harvard University.
Koenker, R., & Bassett, Jr. G.,(1978),“Regression quantiles“, Econometrica, 46, pp.33-50.
Koenker, R., & Hallock, F.K.,(2001), “Quantile regression”, Journal of Economic Perspectives, 15, pp.143-156.
Mullan, F., (2005), “The Metrics of the Physicians Brian Drain”, New England Journal of Medicine, 353, pp.1810-1818.
Mutizwa-Mangiza, D.,(1998), “The Impact of Health Sector Reform on Public Sector Health Worker Motivation in Zimbabwe”, Major Applied Research 5, Working Paper 4.
Okada, K., & Samreth, S.,(2012), “The effect of foreign aid on corruption: A quantile regression approach”, Economic Letters, 11, pp.240-243.
Thomas, C., Hosein, R., & Yan, J.,(2005), Assessing the Export of Nursing Services as a Diversification Option for CARICOM Economies. Washington DC: Pan American Health Organization and Caribbean Commission on Health and Development.
Packer, C., Labonté, R., & Spitzer, D.,(2007, August),“Globalization and Health Worker Crisis”, Globalization and Health Knowledge Network Research Paper.
United Nations Population Fund :UNFPA, (2005), “International Migration and the Millennium Development Goals”. Selected Papers of the UNFPA Expert Group Meeting New York.
United Nations (2009). “World Population Prospects: The 2008 Revision Highlights”, Department of Economic and Social Affairs.
World Health Organization(1997), “The Report of the Special Working Group on Who’s Constitution and the Brain Drain Problem in Africa”, African Regional Office of the WHO, Brazzaville.