Bolecki, Antoni (2011): Polish antitrust experience with hub-and-spoke conspiracies. Published in: Yearbook of Antitrust and Regulatory Studies , Vol. Vol. 2, (2011): pp. 25-46.
Download (273kB) | Preview
A hub-and-spoke conspiracy involves an exchange of confidential information primarily concerning future prices. The exchange takes place generally between competing distributors via a common supplier but a reverse relationship is also possible. The essence of hub-and-spoke lies in the fact that there is no direct contact between competitors – the party guaranteeing the information flow is normally the common supplier (distributor in a reverse scenario). A hub-and-spoke conspiracy was first identified and specifically described by the British Office of Fair Trade in 2003. There are currently several pending investigations concerning hub-and-spoke practices in a number of EU Member States including Germany, France, Italy and the UK. Three cases of that type have been so far assessed in the Polish antitrust practice: Polifarb Cieszyn Wrocław (2007), Tikurilla (2010) and Akzo Nobel (2010). The main objective of this article is the reconstruction of hub-and-spoke conduct in Poland. Commented will also be issues such as: the connection between hub-and-spoke practices and ‘classic’ retail price maintenance; standard of proof, and duration of the agreements.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Polish antitrust experience with hub-and-spoke conspiracies|
|Keywords:||hub-and-spoke; AtoBtoC coordination; exchange of information; vertical restraints; RPM; horizontal effect; standard of proof; duration of an agreement; initiator|
|Subjects:||K - Law and Economics > K2 - Regulation and Business Law > K21 - Antitrust Law|
|Depositing User:||Michał Mijal|
|Date Deposited:||02. May 2012 22:04|
|Last Modified:||09. Sep 2015 11:53|
Albors-Llorens A., ‘Horizontal agreements and concerted practices in EC competition law: Unlawful and legitimate Contacts between Competitors’ (2006) 51 Antitrust Bulletin.
Bellamy & Child, European Community Law of Competition, Sixth Edition, Oxford 2008.
Bolecki A., ‘Current Developments in Poland’ (2009) 5(3) European Competition Journal.
Giovannetti E., Stallibrass D., ‘Three Cases in Search of a Theory: Resale Price Maintenance in the UK’ (2009) 5(3) European Competition Journal.
Hay G. A., ‘Horizontal Agreements: Concept and Proof’ (2006) 51 Antitrust Bulletin. Information Exchanges between Competitors under Competition Law, OECD, 2010, (available at http://www.oecd.org/dataoecd/12/52/48379006.pdf).
Jones A., Sufrin B., EC Competition Law: Text, Cases, and Materials, Third Edition, Oxford 2008.
Kohutek K., Sieradzka M., Ustawa o ochronie konkurencji i konsumentów, Komentarz [Act on Competition and Consumer Protection. Commentary], Warszawa 2008.
Miąsik D., Reguła rozsądku w prawie antymonopolowym. Studium prawnoporównawcze [Rule of reason in antitrust law. Comparatory study], Kraków 2004.
Piasecki K., System dowodów i postępowanie dowodowe w sprawach cywilnych [System of evidence and hearing of evidence in civil cases], Warszawa 2010.
Skoczny T., Jurkowska A., Miąsik D. (eds), Ustawa o ochronie konkurencji i konsumentów. Komentarz [Act on Competition and Consumer Protection. Commentary], Warszawa 2009.
Whelan P., ‘Trading negotiations between retailers and suppliers: a fertile ground for anti-competitive horizontal information exchange?’ (2009) 5(3) European Competition Journal.
Wollmann H., ‘Category Management, Private Labels und Informationsaustausch zwischen Wettbewerbern’ (2011) 1 Ecolex – Fachzeitschrift Für Wirtschaftsrecht.