Spash, Clive L. (1994): The benefits of preventing crop loss due to tropospheric ozone. Published in: Journal of Economic Surveys , Vol. 1, No. 11 (1997): pp. 47-70.
Download (1MB) | Preview
Agricultural crop production is highly dependent upon environmental conditions among which air quality plays a central role. Various air pollutants have been identified as a potential influence on commercial crops including SO2, NOx, O3 and CO2. In particular, ozone in the lower atmosphere has been identified as a serious cause of crop loss in the United States and seems likely to be creating similar losses in Europe. In this paper the methods which can be applied to assess the economic damages from air pollution are critically reviewed. This requires measuring pollutant concentrations, relating these to physical crop damages, and estimating the reactions of the agricultural sector and consumers to give welfare changes in terms of consumers' surplus and producers' quasi-rents. The approach of the European open-top chamber programme (EOTCP) is shown to have neglected lessons learnt by the National Crop Loss Assessment Network (NCLAN) in the U.S.
This is a paper from the Ecological Economics discussion paper series edited by Clive L. Spash and run from Stirling University from 1994 to 1996. This particular paper was later published as: Spash, C.L. 1997. Assessing the economic benefits to agriculture from air pollution control. Journal of Economic Surveys, vol. 11, no. 1, 47-70.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||The benefits of preventing crop loss due to tropospheric ozone|
|Keywords:||air pollution; crop loss; agriculture; cost-benefit analysis; environmental economics; tropospheric ozone; acidic deposition; science policy interface; regulation|
|Subjects:||Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics ; Environmental and Ecological Economics > Q5 - Environmental Economics > Q53 - Air Pollution ; Water Pollution ; Noise ; Hazardous Waste ; Solid Waste ; Recycling
O - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth > O1 - Economic Development > O13 - Agriculture ; Natural Resources ; Energy ; Environment ; Other Primary Products
Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics ; Environmental and Ecological Economics > Q5 - Environmental Economics > Q51 - Valuation of Environmental Effects
H - Public Economics > H2 - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue > H23 - Externalities ; Redistributive Effects ; Environmental Taxes and Subsidies
Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics ; Environmental and Ecological Economics > Q5 - Environmental Economics > Q58 - Government Policy
|Depositing User:||Clive L. Spash|
|Date Deposited:||04. May 2012 02:30|
|Last Modified:||12. Jan 2016 01:52|
Adams R M (1983) "Issues in assessing the economic benefits of ambient ozone control: some examples from agriculture" Environment International 9: 539-548.
Adams R M, Callaway J M and McCarl B A (1984a) "Pollution, agriculture and social welfare: The case of acid deposition" Canadian Journal of Agricultural Economics 34 (March): 3-19.
Adams R M and Crocker T D (1984) "Economically relevant response estimation and the value of information: Acid deposition" in T D Crocker (editor) Economic Perspectives of Acid Deposition Control London: Butterworth.
Adams R M and Crocker T D (1980) "Analytical issues in economic assessments of vegetation damages" in P S Teng and S V Krupa (editors) Assessment of Losses which Constrain Production and Crop Improvement in Agriculture and Forestry. Proceedings of E C Stakman Commemorative Symposium, Misc Publication No.7, Agricultural Experimentation Station, University of Minnesota.
Adams R M, Crocker T D and Katz R W (1985) "Yield response data in benefit-cost analyses of pollution-induced vegetation damage" in W E Winner, H A Mooney and R A Goldstein (editors) Sulphur Dioxide and Vegetation: Physiology, Ecology and Policy Issues Stanford, California: Stanford University Press.
Adams R M, Crocker T D and Thanavibulchai N (1982) "An economic assessment of air pollution damages to selected annual crops in Southern California" Journal of Environmental Economics and Management 9: 42-58.
Adams R M, Hamilton S A and McCarl B A (1984b) "The economic effects of ozone on agriculture" Corvallis, Oregon: Environmental Research Laboratory, US Environmental Protection Agency.
Adams R M and McCarl B A (1985a) "The effects of acid deposition on agriculture: Summary and recommendations" Corvallis: Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Oregon State University.
Adams R M and McCarl B A (1985b) "Assessing the benefits of alternative ozone standards on agriculture: the role of response information." Journal of Environmental Economics and Management 12, 246-276.
Adams R M, McCarl B A, Dudek D J and Glyer J D (1988) "Implications of global climate change for western agriculture" Western Journal of Agricultural Economics 13 (2): 348-356.
Barnes R A, Parkinson G S and Smith A E (1983) "The costs and benefits of sulphur oxide control" Journal of Air Pollution Control Association 33: 737-741.
Benson E J, Krupa S, Teng P S and Welsch P E (1982) "Economic assessment of air pollution damages to agricultural and silvicultural crops" Final report to Minnesota Pollution Control Agency.
Cohen A S and Macal C M (1981) "Cost effectiveness of a photochemical oxidant episode regulation" Journal of Air Pollution Control Association 31(6): 651-660.
Dixon B L, Garcia P, Mjelde J W and Adams R M (1984) Estimation of the Cost of Ozone on Illinois Cash Grain Farms: An Application of Duality. Urbanna: Agricultural Economics Staff Paper No.84 E-276, University of Illinois.
Dixon B L, Garcia P and Mjelde J W (1985) "Primal versus dual methods measuring the impacts of ozone on cash grain farms" American Journal of Agricultural Economics 67(2): 402-406.
Hamilton S A, McCarl B A and Adams R M (1984) "The effect of aggregate response assumptions on environmental impact analysis" Corvallis: Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Oregon State University.
Heck W W, Cure W W, Rawlings J O, Zaragoza L J, Heagle A S, Heggestad H E, R J Kohut, Kress L W and Temple P J (1984) "Assessing impacts of ozone on agricultural crops: I" Journal of Air Pollution Control Association 34(7).
Heck W W, Taylor O C, Adams R, Bingham G, Miller J, Preston E and Weinstein L (1982) "Assessment of Crop Loss from Ozone" Journal of Air Pollution Control Association 32(4).
Heck W W, Larsen R I and Heagle A S (1980) "Measuring the acute dose-response of plants to ozone" Presented at E C Stakman Commemorative Symposium, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis.
Holdgate M W (1979) A Perspective of Environmental Pollution Cambridge: CUP.
Howitt R E, Gossard T E and Adams R M (1984) "Effects of alternative ozone levels and response data on economic assessments: The case of California crops" Journal of Air Pollution Control Association 34: 1122-1127.
Howitt R E, Gossard T E and Adams R M (1985) "The economic effects of air pollution on annual crops" California Agriculture March/April: 22-24.
Jacobson J S (1982) "Ozone and the growth and productivity of agricultural crops" in M H Unsworth and D P Ormond (editors) Effects of Gaseous Air Pollutants in Agriculture and Horticulture London: Butterworths.
Just R E, Hueth D L and Schmitz A (1982) Applied Welfare Economics and Public Policy London: Prentice-Hall International Inc.
Leung S K, Reed W, Cauchois S and Howitt R (1978) "Methodologies for valuation of agricultural crop yield changes: A review" Sacramento, California: Eureka Laboratories; Corvallis, Oregon: US, EPA, EPA/600/5-78/018, NTIS/PB-288.
Leung S K, Reed W and Geng S (1982) "Estimation of ozone damage to selected crops grown in Southern California" Journal of Air Pollution Control Association 32: 160-164.
Linzon S N, Pearson R G, Donnan J A and Durham F N (1984) "Ozone effects on crops in Ontario and related monetary values" Ontario: Ministry of Environment.
MacKenzie J J and El-Ashry M T (1989) Air Pollution's Toll on Forests & Crops New Haven: Yale University Press.
Medeiros W H and Moscowitz P D (1983) "Quantifying effects of oxidant air pollutants on agricultural crops" Environment International 9.
Mjelde J W, Adams R M, Dixon B L and Garcia P (1984) "Using farmers' actions to measure crop loss due to air pollution" Journal of Air Pollution Control Association 31: 360-364.
Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (1981) The Costs and Benefits of Sulphur Oxide Control Paris, France: OECD.
Page W P, Arbogast G, Fabian R G and Ciecka J (1982) "Estimation of economic losses to the agricultural sector from airborne residuals in the Ohio River Basin region" Journal of Air Pollution Control Association 32: 151-154.
Rowe R D and Chestnut L G (1985) "Economic assessment of the effects of air pollution on agricultural crops in the San Joaquin Valley" Journal of Air Pollution Control Association 35: 728-734.
Smith M and Brown D (1982) "Crop production benefits from ozone reduction: An economic analysis" Indiana: Agricultural Experimentation Station, Purdue University, Station Bulletin No.388.
Spash C L (1987) Measuring the Tangible Benefits of Environmental Improvement: An Economic Appraisal of Regional Crop Damages due to Ozone. Unpublished M.Sc. dissertation, University of British Columbia, Canada.
United States, Environmental Protection Agency (1985) "Air quality criteria for ozone and other photochemical oxidants: Draft" Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 7-190.
United States, Environmental Research Centre, Environmental Protection Agency (1974) "The economic damages of air pollution" EPA-600/5-74-012.
Unsworth M H (1982) "Exposure to gaseous pollutants and uptake by plants" in M H Unsworth and D P Ormond (editors) Effects of Gaseous Air Pollutants in Agriculture and Horticulture London: Butterworths.
Varey R H, Ball D J, Crane A J, Laxen P H and Sandalls F J (1988) "Ozone formation in the London Plume" Atmospheric Environment 22(7): 1335-1346.
Willig R D (1976) "Consumer's surplus without apology" The American Economic Review 66(4): 589-597.