Munich Personal RePEc Archive

Some socio-economic determinants of fertility in Pakistan: an empirical analysis

Chani, Muhammad Irfan and Shahid, Muhammad and Hassan, Mahboob Ul (2011): Some socio-economic determinants of fertility in Pakistan: an empirical analysis. Published in: Actual Problems of Economics (May 2012)


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This study is aimed at empirical investigation of the role that various socio-economic factors like female education, urbanization and female labour force participation play in determining fertility of women in Pakistan. ARDL bound testing approach to co-integration is used to analyze the long run relationship of the variables by using the data for the period of 1980 to 2009. Empirical results show that there exists a long run as well as short run relationship between fertility and urbanization, female labour force participation and female education in Pakistan. The analysis indicates that there is negative relationship between all three determinants with fertility. Female education and urbanization of the society play significant role in reducing fertility but the role of female participation in labour force seems to be in insignificant in fertility reduction in Pakistan.

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