Pashchenko, Svetlana and Porapakkarm, Ponpoje (2012): Quantitative analysis of health insurance reform: separating regulation from redistribution.
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Two key components of the upcoming health reform in the U.S. are a new regulation of the individual health insurance market and an increase in income redistribution in the economy. Which component contributes more to the welfare outcome of the reform? We address this question by constructing a general equilibrium life cycle model that incorporates both medical expenses and labor income risks. We replicate the key features of the current health insurance system in the U.S. and calibrate the model using the Medical Expenditures Panel Survey dataset. We find that the reform decreases the number of uninsured more than twice and generates substantial welfare gains. However, these welfare gains mostly come from the redistributive measures embedded in the reform. If the reform only reorganizes the individual market, introduces individual mandates but does not include any income-based transfers, the welfare gains are much smaller. This result is mostly driven by the fact that most uninsured people have low income.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Quantitative analysis of health insurance reform: separating regulation from redistribution|
|Keywords:||health insurance, health reform, risk sharing, general equilibrium|
|Subjects:||E - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics > E6 - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook > E65 - Studies of Particular Policy Episodes
D - Microeconomics > D9 - Intertemporal Choice > D91 - Intertemporal Household Choice ; Life Cycle Models and Saving
D - Microeconomics > D5 - General Equilibrium and Disequilibrium > D52 - Incomplete Markets
E - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics > E2 - Consumption, Saving, Production, Investment, Labor Markets, and Informal Economy > E21 - Consumption ; Saving ; Wealth
I - Health, Education, and Welfare > I1 - Health > I10 - General
|Depositing User:||Svetlana Pashchenko|
|Date Deposited:||13. Sep 2012 06:04|
|Last Modified:||25. Apr 2015 02:22|
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