Marco, Mariotti and Roberto, Veneziani (2012): Opportunities as chances: maximising the probability that everybody succeeds.

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Abstract
Opportunities in society are commonly interpreted as `chances of success'. Within this interpretation, should opportunities be equalised? We show that a liberal principle of justice and a limited principle of social rationality imply that opportunity profiles should be evaluated by means of a `Nash' criterion. The interpretation is new: the social objective should be to maximise the chance that everybody in society succeeds. In particular, the failure of even only one individual must be considered maximally detrimental. We also study a refinement of this criterion and its extension to problems of intergenerational justice.
Item Type:  MPRA Paper 

Original Title:  Opportunities as chances: maximising the probability that everybody succeeds 
Language:  English 
Keywords:  Opportunities, chances in life, NonInterference, Nash ordering 
Subjects:  D  Microeconomics > D6  Welfare Economics > D63  Equity, Justice, Inequality, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement D  Microeconomics > D7  Analysis of Collective DecisionMaking > D70  General 
Item ID:  41884 
Depositing User:  Roberto Veneziani 
Date Deposited:  13. Oct 2012 10:34 
Last Modified:  20. Feb 2013 17:28 
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URI:  https://mpra.ub.unimuenchen.de/id/eprint/41884 