Genchev, Vassil (2005): Immigration to the European Union - Challenges and Opportunities for a Europe of 25+.
Download (971kB) | Preview
The rising numbers of people willing to risk their lives in illegally crossing land, air or sea borders into the European Union has brought this aspect of migration into the limelight in the last few years. There is a lot more to be discussed in this context, except for the obvious shock and drama following the appalling images of bodies washed ashore in the Mediterranean. This work argues that the EU needs migration which is well managed and carried out in wide cooperation involving all potential stakeholders. It begins with an overview of a range of economic theories on Migration and discusses the development of EU policies in the field. Without taking extreme views or launching sharp critiques of the EU or the migrants' countries of origin, the paper attempts to deliver a broad overview and an impartial assessment of the immigration to the European Union.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Institution:||University of Malta|
|Original Title:||Immigration to the European Union - Challenges and Opportunities for a Europe of 25+|
|Keywords:||migration; EU; refugees; asylum; EU Constitution; Dublin Convention|
|Subjects:||F - International Economics > F5 - International Relations, National Security, and International Political Economy > F50 - General
F - International Economics > F2 - International Factor Movements and International Business > F22 - International Migration
F - International Economics > F5 - International Relations, National Security, and International Political Economy
|Depositing User:||Vassil Genchev|
|Date Deposited:||26. Jul 2007|
|Last Modified:||22. Feb 2015 12:14|
Arditis S., The Politics of East-West Migration, (St Martin Press, The Macmillan Press Ltd., London, 1994). Bhagwati J. N. (ed.), The Brain Drain and Taxation, Theory and Empirical Analysis, Vol. 2, (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1976). Craig P. and Gráinne de Búrca, EU Law: Text, Cases, and Materials, 2nd edition, (Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1998). Eltis W., The Classical Theory of Economic Growth, 2nd edition, (Palgrave, Houndmills, 2000). Entzinger H., ‘Immigrants’ political and social participation in the integration process’, in Political and Social Participation of Immigrants through Consultative Bodies, CE Directorate of Social and Economic Affairs, (Council of Europe Publishing, Strasbourg, 1999). Hammar T. et al., 1997, International Migration, Immobility and Development, (Berg, Oxford, 1997). Hix S., The Political System of the European Union, (Palgrave, Houndmills, 1999). Hobsbawm E.J., The Age of Extremes: The Short Twentieth Century 1914-1991, (Abacus, London, 1995). Hobsbawm E.J., Nations and Nationalism since 1780: Programme, Myth, Reality, 2nd edition, (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1995). Stillwell J. and Congdon P., eds., Migration Models: Macro and Micro Approaches, (Belhaven Press, London, 1991). Marie C., Preventing Illegal Immigration: Juggling Economic Imperatives, Political Risks and Individual Rights, (Council of Europe, Strasbourg, 2003). Massey D.S. et al., Return to Aztlan: The Social Process of International Migration from Western Mexico. (University of California Press, Berkeley and Los Angeles, 1987). Massey D.S. et al., Worlds in Motion. Understanding International Migration at the End of the Millennium, (Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1998). Mehmet O., Westernizing the Third World 2nd edition, (Routledge, London, 1999). Niessen J., Diversity and Cohesion: New challenges for the integration of immigrants and minorities, (Council of Europe Publishing, Strasbourg, 2000). Piore M. J., Birds of Passage: Migrant Labor in Industrial Societies, (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1979). Power J., Migrant Workers in Western Europe and the United States, (Pergamon Press, Oxford, 1979). Rasmussen H.K., No Entry: Immigration Policy in Europe, (Copenhagen Business School Press, Copenhagen, 1997). Tapia S., New Patterns of Irregular Migration in Europe, (Council of Europe, Strasbourg, 2003). Wallerstein I., The Modern World System. Capitalist Agriculture and the Origins of the European World-Economy in the Sixteenth Century, (Academic Press, New York, 1974). Zimmermann K. F.,ed., Migration and Economic Development, (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1992).
Arango J., ‘Explaining Migration’, International Social Science Journal: International Migration 2000, LII, 3 (2000). Baldwin R. et al., ‘The Costs and Benefits of Eastern Enlargement’, Economic Policy, 24, 1997. Baucic I., ‘The Balkan Crisis and Refugees’, UNESCO/ISSC/University of Warwick Conference on International Migration: Towards the New Millennium. Global and Regional Perspectives, Coventry, 16-18 September 1999. Borjas George J., ‘Does Immigration Grease the Wheels of the Labor Market?’, Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, 1 (2001). Carrington W. J. and Detragiache E., ‘How Extensive is the Brain Drain?’, in Finance & Development 2 (36) Jun 1999, IMF, Online: http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/fandd/1999/06/carringt.htm, Last accessed: 18 Mar 2005. Coppel J. et al., Trends in Immigration and Economic Consequence, OECD 2001, Economics Department Working Papers No. 284, http://www.oecd.org/eco/eco/. Druke L., ‘Refugee Regimes in the Post-Communist States’, in From Ethnicity to Migration, ed. Krasteva A., (New Bulgarian University Press, Sofia, 2004). ‘Europe’s Next Challenge’, Refugees, UNHCR, 135, 2 (2004). Fotakis C., ‘Demographic ageing, migration and the challenge for labour market and pensions’, The Economic and Social Aspects of Migration – Conference jointly organised by the European Commission and the OECD, Brussels, 21-22 January 2003, (OECD 2003). Muus P., ‘The Economic and Social Aspects of Migration’, OECD synthesis report, The Economic and Social Aspects of Migration – Conference jointly organised by the European Commission and the OECD, Brussels, 21-22 January 2003, (OECD 2003). Okólski, M., ‘Recent Trends and Major Issues in International Migration: Central and East European Perspectives’, International Social Science Journal: International Migration 2000, LII, 3 (2000). Sjaastad L.A., ‘The Costs and Returns of Human Migration’, Journal of Political Economy, 705 (1962). Stark O. and Taylor J. E., ‘Relative Deprivation and International Migration’, Demography, 26, 1 (1989), pp. 1-14. Tapinos G., ‘Clandestine Immigration: Economic and Political Issues’, in Trends in International Migration: Continuous Reporting System on Migration, (OECD 1999). Todaro M. P., ‘A Model of Labor Migration and Urban Unemployment in Less Developed Countries’, American Economic Review, 59 (Mar 1969). Van Dalen H.P. and Ritzen J.M.M., Economic Growth in a World of Divergent Populations, Discussion Paper No. 8809/P, (Institute for Economic Research, Erasmus University Rotterdam, 1988), p.231. Primary Sources – Reports, Communications and Legislation ‘Assessment of the Tampere Programme and Future Orientations’, (European Commission Communication, 2 Jun 2004). ‘Weakening growth in investment and increasing brain drain: two major threats to the European knowledge-based economy’, EU Commission Communiqué, 25 Nov 2003. Online: http://europa.eu.int/comm/research/press/2003/pr2511en.html, Last accessed: 15 Mar 2005.
‘Asylum Levels and Trends in Industrialised Countries’, UNHCR 2005, Online: http://www.unhcr.ch, Last accessed: 8 Apr 2005. EU's Area of Freedom, Security and Justice. Online: http://europa.eu.int/comm/justice_home, Last accessed: 15 Mar 2005. European Statistics Office. Online: http://epp.eurostat.cec.eu.int/portal/. Last accessed: 12 Apr 2005. 'Five per cent of all first-year students in Germany are Bulgarians', Dnevnik Online Daily, Online: www.dnevnik.bg/show/Default.asp?storyid=152786&rubrid=400, (Bulgarian version), Last accessed: 28 Mar 2005. Partos G., ‘Europe’s Asylum Trends’, BBC News Online, Online: http://news.bbc.co.uk/go/pr/fr/-/1/hi/world/europe/4308839.stm, Last accessed: 6 Apr 2005.
Interviews and Seminars:
Dimitrova M., Chairperson of the Assistance Centre for Torture Survivors – Sofia, personal interview, Sofia, 12 Jan 2005. Refugees and Immigrants – the View from Anthropology, a round table discussion within the framework of the ‘Work in Progress’ seminar series, chaired by Mr. R. Fsadni, University of Malta, 23 Feb 2005. ‘The Rejected Asylum Seeker – from Inmate to Stalemate’, public lecture by Dr. Ruth Farrugia, 9th Annual Seminar Series ‘Work in Progress’, University of Malta, 16 Feb 2005.