Munich Personal RePEc Archive

National Identity and Religious Diversity

Harttgen, Kenneth and Opfinger, Matthias (2013): National Identity and Religious Diversity.

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Abstract

We construct an index for national identity using information from the World Values Survey on peoples' affection towards the nation. We then analyze the relationship between national identity and religious diversity. The results show that religious diversity is significantly and negatively related to national identity. We also find support for the previous finding that ethnic diversity does not seem to be related to national identity. Democratic institutions and mobility throughout the country are positively related to national identity if religious diversity is sufficiently high. Democratic institutions can overcome the negative effect of religious diversity on national identity.

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