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Concvergence or Divergence? Analysis of Human Resource Practices in SME Turkey

Karartı, Tuncay (2014): Concvergence or Divergence? Analysis of Human Resource Practices in SME Turkey. Published in: International Journal of Advanced Multidisciplinary Research and Review , Vol. 2, No. 2 (2014): pp. 122-137.


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This study investigates human resource management (HRM) practices in SME sector Turkey vis-à-vis economic system, history and culture. It attributes to discussion on convergence and divergence by appraising traditional values’ impact on shaping HR practices. The study has been conducted under certain journals, articles, and thesis and conference proceedings addressing major human resource functions, specifically training, job analysis, performance-management, recruitment and selection in Turkey. The paper suggests directional convergence’s presence, which means corporations in Turkey follow constant trends prevailing in the USA or Europe; however the presence patterns take issue with relevance Turkish firms’ understanding and implementation of these trends. Collectivism, mental attitude, and uncertainty turning away appear to deeply impact HRM practices in Turkey, decreasing the likelihood of full convergence. HR practices and literature is dominated by U.S. and European-oriented analysis. As this study provides a close, tho' not comprehensive literature review regarding HR practices in Turkey, its conclusions additionally could also be cypher to countries with the same socio-cultural dynamic, more to suggesting avenues for future analysis.

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