Munich Personal RePEc Archive

Income Shocks and HIV in Africa

Burke, Marshall and Gong, Erick and Jones, Kelly M. (2013): Income Shocks and HIV in Africa. Forthcoming in: Economic Journal

[img]
Preview
PDF
MPRA_paper_55392.pdf

Download (662kB) | Preview

Abstract

We examine how variation in local economic conditions has shaped the AIDS epidemic in Africa. Using data from over 200,000 individuals across 19 countries, we match biomarker data on individuals' HIV status to information on local rainfall shocks, a large source of variation in income for rural households. We estimate that infection rates in HIV-endemic rural areas increase by 11% for every recent drought, an effect that is statistically and economically significant. Income shocks explain up to 20% of the variation in HIV prevalence across African countries, suggesting policy approaches for HIV prevention that are distinct from existing efforts.

UB_LMU-Logo
MPRA is a RePEc service hosted by
the Munich University Library in Germany.