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A dynamic analysis of causality between prices of corn, crude oil and ethanol

Papież, Monika (2014): A dynamic analysis of causality between prices of corn, crude oil and ethanol.

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Abstract

The objective of the paper is to analyse causality between prices of corn, crude oil and ethanol. The analysis conducted in this paper is a dynamic one, and the data used consist of weekly futures prices of crude oil, corn, and ethanol from January 5, 2007 till April 11, 2014. The assessment of causal links between prices of corn, crude oil and ethanol is carried out with the use of rolling regression applied to augmented-VAR framework proposed by Toda and Yamamoto (1995). The application of the rolling regression procedures into the modified Wald (MWALD) causality test allows for the investigation of the persistence of stability in causal relations between analysed prices. The results obtained indicate that the linkages between energy prices and agricultural commodity prices change in the period analysed. The results of Granger causality tests reveal that in the analysed period the price of corn influences the price of energy (crude oil and ethanol). Also crude oil prices influence corn prices and ethanol prices. However, the influence of ethanol prices on crude oil prices and corn prices has not been observed.

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