Munich Personal RePEc Archive

Economic Growth and Jobs Creation in Morocco: Overall and Sectors’ Analysis

Ezzahidi, Elhadj and El Alaoui, Aicha (2014): Economic Growth and Jobs Creation in Morocco: Overall and Sectors’ Analysis.

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Abstract

Employment is linked to growth at least in the long-run. Thus, to reduce structurally unemployment it is necessary to boost growth. Thus, any strategy seeking to reduce unemployment must be devised with a good knowledge of the growth content in terms of jobs. In this paper, we use Okun’s law, arc point elasticity, and a simple econometric model to assess the intensity of the links between economic growth and (un)employment in Morocco. Okun’s law provides evidence that economic growth in Morocco is linked with a reduction of the unemployment rate. The sectors intensities to create jobs are very different and provide unsystematic results. Using an average measure of elasticity over the period 1999-2009, we find that many sectors were net losers of jobs. The overall growth-elasticity of employment is positive but low.

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