Munich Personal RePEc Archive

Determinants of agriculture biodiversity in Western Terai landscape complex of Nepal

Paudel, Bikash and Rana, Ram B and Sthapit, Bhuwon R and Maharjan, Shree Kumar and Shrestha, Anuja and Shrestha, Pitambar and Gurung, Asha Ram and Regmi, Bimal Raj and Basnet, Arjun and Adhikari, Anu (2012): Determinants of agriculture biodiversity in Western Terai landscape complex of Nepal.

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Abstract

The study explored agriculture biodiversity around protected areas and identified factors affecting diversity of agriculture biodiversity in farming households. The study analyzed the data collected from household survey of about 907 farmers from Western-Terai Landscape Complex of Nepal. Intra-species and inter-species richness and evenness in agriculture landscape were estimated and compared across a spectrum of land-uses. The study identified different social, economic, technological and ecological factors affecting the richness of intra-species and inter-species diversity of agriculture biodiversity using generalized linear regression models. Technology index, information index, food security, animal holding, ethnicity, irrigation facility and land-use were found as major variables affecting agriculture. The results also indicated that buffer zones had higher diversity than other land-uses, indicating positive effects of protected-land on surrounding agriculture biodiversity. Results supported need of coordinated efforts to mainstream agriculture biodiversity conservation with landscape conservation plans and socio-economic developments of the region.

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