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Les enquêtes sur le secteur informel à Djibouti : une analyse comparative 1980-2001

Mahamoud, Ismael and Adair, Philippe (2006): Les enquêtes sur le secteur informel à Djibouti : une analyse comparative 1980-2001.

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Abstract

The informal sector, according to ILO’s definition, nurtures to a large extent both the economic activities of the port as well as the overall economy of Djibouti. A comparative approach of two surveys carried out in 1980 (PECTA) and 2001 (PATARE) emphasizes the evolution of the various branches and sets the limits of such a cross section analysis. The small size of the units in terms of occupied workers and the segmentation of employment, the property of capital and self-financing of initial investment, as well as the absence of bookkeeping are the main characteristics of the small businesses. They face economic and institutional constraints regarding financing needs vs. credit rationing from the banking system, strong competition and lack of outlets, as well as excess of taxes and regulations.

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