Munich Personal RePEc Archive

Social Security and Retirement across the OECD

Alonso Ortiz, Jorge (2014): Social Security and Retirement across the OECD. Published in: Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control , Vol. 47, (1. October 2014): pp. 300-316.

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Abstract

Employment to population ratios differ markedly across Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) countries, especially for people aged over 55 years. In addition, social security features differ markedly across the OECD, particularly with respect to features such as generosity, entitlement ages, and implicit taxes on social security benefits. This study postulates that differences in social security features explain many differences in employment to population ratios at older ages. This conjecture is assessed quantitatively with a life cycle general equilibrium model of retirement. At ages 60–64 years, the correlation between the simulations of this study׳s model and observed data is 0.67. Generosity and implicit taxes are key features to explain the cross-country variation, whereas entitlement age is not.

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