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Etapele dezvoltării unei cooperări transfrontaliere funcţionale Studiu de caz. Comunităţile Oradea şi Debrecen, posibil model pentru comunităţi de la frontiera româno-moldoveană-ucrainiană

Toca, Constantin-Vasile (2011): Etapele dezvoltării unei cooperări transfrontaliere funcţionale Studiu de caz. Comunităţile Oradea şi Debrecen, posibil model pentru comunităţi de la frontiera româno-moldoveană-ucrainiană. Published in: Ukraine-Romania-Moldova: Historical, Political And Cultural Aspects Of Their Relations In The Contemporary European Procesess Context , Vol. IV, No. Volume IV (2011): pp. 379-391.

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The cross-border cooperation represents a field of interest at European level and it gets a special attention from to border regions that have the possibility, due to the common situations, to develop threw common projects and cross-border projects. The actuality of cross-border cooperation, is closely connected to the apparition of a new European instrument of cross-border cooperation under the shape of the European Groups of Cross-border Cooperation, which represents an important instrument, one of perspective at European level, through the various forms of cooperation, having as an example of good practice the Euro metropolis Lille – Kortrijk – Tournai, trying to go through the stages that should be followed for the perspective of an efficient and sustained cross-border cooperation. In the scope of efficient cross-border cooperation the following steps should be followed: the SWOT analysis, the general vision, objectives and priorities, joint cross-border development strategy, measures and projects, implementation, monitoring and evaluation, implementation. As a case study we will review the concept of Cross-border Jam Debrecen - Oradea, and through the sociological research we can see a possible cooperation in the two cross-border communities and not least by providing possible solutions to the cross-border cooperation at the Romanian-Ukrainian - Moldavian border . The target groups that were elected for the sociological research, had been divided into three large categories: students, to whom 50% of the questionnaires were applied, the motivation of the allocation of this project was that they would be the main beneficiaries of the possible construction in an organized form of a future cross-border cooperation Debrecen – Oradea, 40% of the questionnaires were allocated to the target group called by us the public and where we framed people aged over 25 years and not least the group target named the institutions that represented the officials inside the Debrecen and Oradea institutions among which there is cooperation border, 10%. In conclusion, being based on the first success pattern of the European Groups of Cross-border Cooperation, the Lille – Kortrijk – Tournai Euro metropolis, we went through the essential steps for developing an efficient, functional and durable cooperation, at the level of Debrecen and Oradea communities, as a final goal of this cooperation being the transformation of the researched area by us into an European Group of Cross-border Cooperation. A similar pattern can be transposed also for the Romanian – Ukrainean – Moldavian border: ex: Sighet (Ro) /Slotvina (Uk), Suceava (RO)/Cernauti (UK), Galati (Ro)/Cahul (MD)/Reni (UK).

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