Munich Personal RePEc Archive

What Should Central Banks Target? Evidence on the Impact of Monetary Policy Regimes on Economic Growth

Chong, Terence Tai Leung and Wong, Kin Ming (2015): What Should Central Banks Target? Evidence on the Impact of Monetary Policy Regimes on Economic Growth.

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Abstract

Economists and policy-makers have long sought the ideal framework for monetary policy as it is arguably one of the most important tools for government to influence the economy. Exchange rate and inflation are believed to be the most appealing anchors for providing guidance to the conduct of monetary policy and are thus widely used in the real world. Most existing studies on the effect of exchange-rate arrangements and inflation targeting on economic growth suffer from the absence of a clear counterfactual, rendering it difficult to interpret their results. Based on a new classification scheme on monetary policy regimes, this paper helps to fill that gap by investigating the effect of monetary policy regimes on growth. Our results consistently support that an inflation targeting regime has a positive impact on economic growth when compared with an exchange-rate targeting regime.

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