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Un modelo Mundell-Fleming con economía ilegal y lavado de dinero

Slim, Sadri (2015): Un modelo Mundell-Fleming con economía ilegal y lavado de dinero.

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The purpose of this paper is to present an extended version of the Mundell-Fleming model which allows a macroeconomic analysis of the effects stemming from illegal economy with money laundering on the short-term equilibrium for a small open economy. Without disregarding the FATF´s money laundering typology, we propose to differentiate the money laundering activities by the degree of crime organization, i.e. differentiating between individual, national as well as transnational crimes. According to the previous taxonomy, we postulate four channels of money laundering that enable the reintegration of illegal money, through consumption, investment, international trade and capital movements. In this context, it is shown that the multiplier effect triggered by illegal economic activities is always negative on formal GDP. However, the effect on the interest rate is subtler and depends on the structure of the given economy, which could lead to an appreciation or depreciation of the exchange rate related to the degree of capital mobility.

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