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Diversity and Economic Growth in a Model with Progressive Taxation

Wang, Wei and Suen, Richard M. H. (2015): Diversity and Economic Growth in a Model with Progressive Taxation.

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Abstract

Is a more heterogeneous population conducive or detrimental to capital accumulation and economic growth? This paper addresses this question using a dynamic general equilibrium model with ex ante heterogeneous consumers and progressive taxation. We show that the answer depends crucially on the shape of the marginal tax function. If this function is concave, then a more heterogeneous population will have a lower average marginal tax rate and a higher level of capital accumulation. The opposite is true when the marginal tax function is convex. These results are robust in a variety of models with either exogenous or endogenous economic growth.

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