Munich Personal RePEc Archive

Trade Costs Algorithm in Manoilescu Generalised Scheme

Dogaru, Vasile (2007): Trade Costs Algorithm in Manoilescu Generalised Scheme. Published in: ANNALS of the ORADEA UNIVERSITY, Fascicle of Management and Technological Engineering , Vol. 1, No. Volume VI (XVI) (May 2007): pp. 2558-2571.

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The study of the comparative advantage’s scheme, using the modified prices because of the trade costs in terms of a real two product barter, brings us on a “previous” position towards the merchandise exchange using the currency. In this new algorithm of scheme, the remarks include in the formal analytical plan the prices’ increase cases, determined by the tariff and non-tariff measures and also by the reduction ones through subventions or other similar measures of these. Through the national/regional existence of some of these measures (Hagen, 1958) is supposed to be a sustainer of the optimum economic behavior (more efficient) of the exchange agents, found in a certain economic space and time, and also in an economic environment expected due to the introduction of this kind of economic and financial instruments. The observation of the way how the trade costs influence, comprehended in the widest meaning possible, assures the partial observation of the national interest’s interference with the individual one through the legal and economical norms, necessary to be sent in the hierarchy’s synchronize (similar and simultaneous) of the products over the comparative advantage measured through gains from trade with the established one according to the efficiency. The effects determined by the efficiency’s modification – as it will be deducted in the second stage of Manoilescu generalized scheme – are included in the comparative advantage’s size. The trade costs’ case represents in a certain way the repetition of the one of the same initial internal and international prices’ usage in a barter exchange. The main remark is that now a higher consumption of resources takes place because of the products’ transfer to and from far economic areas and also in connection with some national custom house’s pass beyond which other legal and economic standards, usually, are used.

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