Munich Personal RePEc Archive

Hypothetical Bargaining and the Equilibrium Selection Problem in Non-Cooperative Games

Radzvilas, Mantas (2016): Hypothetical Bargaining and the Equilibrium Selection Problem in Non-Cooperative Games.

[img]
Preview
PDF
MPRA_paper_70248.pdf

Download (592kB) | Preview

Abstract

Orthodox game theory is often criticized for its inability to single out intuitively compelling Nash equilibria in non-cooperative games. The theory of virtual bargaining, developed by Misyak and Chater (2014) suggests that players resolve non-cooperative games by making their strategy choices on the basis of what they would agree to play if they could openly bargain. The proposed formal model of bargaining, however, has limited applicability in non-cooperative games due to its reliance on the existence of a unique non-agreement point – a condition that is not satisfied by games with multiple Nash equilibria. In this paper, I propose a model of ordinal hypothetical bargaining, called the Benefit-Equilibration Reasoning, which does not rely on the existence of a unique reference point, and offers a solution to the equilibrium selection problem in a broad class of non-cooperative games. I provide a formal characterization of the solution, and discuss the theoretical predictions of the suggested model in several experimentally relevant games.

UB_LMU-Logo
MPRA is a RePEc service hosted by
the Munich University Library in Germany.