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Terms of Trade Shocks and Monetary Policy in India

Ghate, Chetan and Gupta, Sargam and Mallick, Debdulal (2016): Terms of Trade Shocks and Monetary Policy in India.

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Abstract

Central banks in emerging markets often grapple with understanding the monetary policy response to an inter-sectoral terms of trade shock. To address this, we develop a three sector closed economy NK-DSGE model calibrated to India. Our framework can be generalized to other emerging markets and developing countries. The model is characterized by a manufacturing sector and an agricultural sector. The agricultural sector is disaggregated into a food grain and vegetable sector. The government procures grain from the grain market and stores it. We show that the procurement of grain leads to higher inflation, a change in the sectoral terms of trade, and a positive output gap because of a change in the sectoral allocation of labor. We compare the transmission of a single period positive procurement shock with a single period negative productivity shock and discuss what implications such shocks have for monetary policy setting. Our paper contributes to a growing literature on monetary policy in India and other emerging market economies.

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