Munich Personal RePEc Archive

الأسباب الإقتصادية لتنامي ظاهرة الإرهاب في إفريقيا جنوب الصحراء

albagoury, samar (2016): الأسباب الإقتصادية لتنامي ظاهرة الإرهاب في إفريقيا جنوب الصحراء.

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Abstract

The success of any long term strategy to fight terrorism need to be depend on a deep understanding of the real economic, social and political causes of this phenomenon. In this Paper I try to find out the economic causes that push individuals to engage and participate in those acts. Contrary to what was settled that poverty, unemployment and inadequate education is the suitable environment for raising terrorism, it was found that members of terrorist groups usually descending from middle to high income families with high educational level, members of ISIS in some African and Arab countries couldn’t be classified as poor or illiterate personal. This paper aim to identify the economic causes of terrorism in 35 African countries depending on two hypotheses: the Economic Relative Deprivation hypothesis and Immiserizing Modernization hypothesis, using Generalized Least Square (GLS) Method. The main result of the analysis is favouring the Immiserizing Modernization hypothesis.

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