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Nahversorgung im Kontext raumökonomischer Entwicklungen im Lebensmitteleinzelhandel: Konzeption und Durchführung einer GIS-gestützten Analyse der Strukturen des Lebensmitteleinzelhandels und der Nahversorgung in Freiburg im Breisgau

Wieland, Thomas (2015): Nahversorgung im Kontext raumökonomischer Entwicklungen im Lebensmitteleinzelhandel: Konzeption und Durchführung einer GIS-gestützten Analyse der Strukturen des Lebensmitteleinzelhandels und der Nahversorgung in Freiburg im Breisgau. Published in:

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Abstract

The study deals with the spatial structure of food retailing and the local retail supply in Freiburg im Breisgau (Germany, pop. of ~226.000). The working paper provides a brief review about the national situation of food retailing in Germany and the related concepts of location theory with respect to (food) retailing. In the main part of the study, methodological aspects of small-scale analyzing spatial structures of food retailing is discussed and, after that, applied to the food retailing in Freiburg. The analyzes include a descriptive illustration of the spatial structure of grocery stores and an identification of grocery clusters as well as a small-scale accessibility analysis using GIS networks. The last part consists of a market area analysis for the regarded locations using a modified Huff model. The results show, amongst other things, that the food sector in Freiburg is more qualitatively and less discount-oriented and that small-scale disparities in supply are verifiable but relatively low. Clusters of grocery stores, especially of different store formats (supermarket, discounter) play an important role in the location structure. Some city districts appear as undersupplied, in particular the second largest district in the south west, St. Georgen. A counterfactual market simulation shows that this gap could be filled with a new supermarket that would not affect the competitive locations in an intolerable way.

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