Li, Defu and Bental, Benjamin (2016): What determines the direction of technological progress?
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Abstract
Identifying the key factors determiningthe direction of technological progress is of central importance for macroeconomics.This paper develops a framework based on Acemoglu(2002,2003) in which profitmaximizing firms undertake both labor and capitalaugmenting technological improvements. It deviates from that framework by the introduction of nonlinear accumulation functions for the primary factors of production. It proves that, although in the short run the change of relative factor prices as suggested by Hicks(1932) and the relative market size as argued by Acemoglu(2002) indeed affect the direction of technological progress, in the long run that direction depends only on the relative supply elasticities of primary factors with respect to their respective prices. Moreover, it is biased towards enhancing the effectiveness of the factor with the relatively smaller elasticity.According to these results labor productivity has hardly increased during the preindustrial era because labor supply was highly elastic during that time. In contrast, the industrial revolution and the concurrent demographic transition caused capital supply elasticity to increase and that of labor supply to decrease, inducing a laborbiased technological progress.
Item Type:  MPRA Paper 

Original Title:  What determines the direction of technological progress? 
Language:  English 
Keywords:  direction of technological change, steadystate, Uzawa’s theorem, nonlinear accumulation processes, supply elasiticities 
Subjects:  E  Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics > E1  General Aggregative Models > E13  Neoclassical O  Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth > O1  Economic Development > O11  Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development O  Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth > O3  Innovation ; Research and Development ; Technological Change ; Intellectual Property Rights > O33  Technological Change: Choices and Consequences ; Diffusion Processes Q  Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics ; Environmental and Ecological Economics > Q0  General > Q01  Sustainable Development 
Item ID:  77186 
Depositing User:  Defu Li 
Date Deposited:  28 Feb 2017 17:27 
Last Modified:  28 Feb 2017 17:28 
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URI:  https://mpra.ub.unimuenchen.de/id/eprint/77186 
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