Munich Personal RePEc Archive

Trends in Mediterranean Inequalities 1950-2015

Daniele, Vittorio and Malanima, Paolo (2016): Trends in Mediterranean Inequalities 1950-2015.

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Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to analyse the trends of economic, social and political inequality among the Mediterranean countries in the period 1950-2015. After the examination of the inequalities in GDP per capita among and within nations, we present a human development index (HDI) that includes a measure of democratic achievements. The main result is that inequalities in income, after the rise from the 1950s onwards, declined from the start of the twenty-first century. Inequa¬lities in HDI, instead, constantly diminished in the period under examination, while a process of democratization occurred. On the whole, despite the conver-gence among Mediter¬ranean countries, economic inequalities are much deeper than those in social and political indicators.

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