Carillo, Maria Rosaria and Papagni, Erasmo and Capitanio, Fabian (2007): Effects of social interactions on scientists' productivity. Forthcoming in:
Download (170kB) | Preview
Recent economic research has focused on the economic effects of the social environment. In the economic literature, important phenomena are considered, at least in part, as results of the individual's social environment. There is a similar revival of interest among economists who analyse the world of science and basic research. In this case as well, the environment plays a key role in the agent's behaviour. This paper makes an an empirical analysis of the influence of social interactions on scientists' productivity. In the econometric analysis we investigate the aggregate importance of this phenomenon through the analysis of data on publications in four scientific fields of seven advanced countries. We find that social interactions among researchers have positive effects on a scientist's productivity and that there is a U-shaped relation between the size of a scientific network and individual productivity. We interpret this result as providing evidence for threshold externalities and increasing returns to scale.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Effects of social interactions on scientists' productivity|
|Keywords:||Keywords: scientists' productivity, increasing returns in science, social interactions|
|Subjects:||O - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth > O4 - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity > O41 - One, Two, and Multisector Growth Models
H - Public Economics > H4 - Publicly Provided Goods > H41 - Public Goods
Z - Other Special Topics > Z1 - Cultural Economics ; Economic Sociology ; Economic Anthropology > Z13 - Economic Sociology ; Economic Anthropology ; Social and Economic Stratification
|Depositing User:||Erasmo Papagni|
|Date Deposited:||22. Mar 2008 07:15|
|Last Modified:||16. Feb 2013 05:03|
Adams J. D., and Z. Griliches, (2000), “Research Productivity in a System of Universities”, in D. Encaoua, B. Hall, F. Laisney, and J. Mairesse, (eds.) The Economics and Econometrics of Innovation, Bosto, Kluwer Academic Publishers. Aizenman J., and I. Noy, (2007), “Prizes for Basic Research: Human Capital, Economic Might and the Shadow of History”, Journal of Economic Growth, 12, pp. 261-282. Arrow K. J., (1962), “Economic Welfare and the Allocation of Resources for Invention”, in The Rate and Direction of Inventive Activity: Economic and Social Factors, Princeton, Princeton University Press, pp. 609-25. Benabou R., (1996a), “Equity and Efficiency in Human Capital Investment: The Local Connection”, Review of Economic Studies, 108, pp. 237-64. Benabou R., (1996b), “Heterogeneity, Stratification, and Growth: Macroeconomic Implications of Community Structure and School Finance”, American Economic Review, 86, pp. 584-609. Brock W. A. and S. Durlauf, (2001), “Discrete choice with social interactions”, Review of Economic Studies, 68, pp. 235-60. Carayol N., and M. Matt, (2006), “Individual and collective determinants of academic scientist' productivity”, Information Economics and Policy, 18, pp. 55-72. Carillo M. R. and E. Papagni, (2007), “Academic Research, Social Interactions and Economic Growth”, Working paper, University of Naples ''Parthenope'', Department of Economics. Cole S. and T. J. Phelan, (1999), “The Scientific Productivity of Nations”, Minerva, 37, pp. 1-23. P. Dasgupta and P. A. David, (1987), “Information Disclosure and the Economics of Science and Technology”, in G. Feiwell (ed.) Arrow and the Ascent of Modern Economic Theory, London, Macillan Press, pp. 519-42. Dasgupta P. and P. A. David, (1994), “Toward a New Economics of Science”, Research Policy, 23, pp. 487-521. Dasgupta P., (1989), “Patents, Priority and Imitation: The Economics of Races and Waiting Games”, Economic Journal, 98, pp. 66-80. David P. A., (1998), “Communication Norms and the Collective Cognitive Performance of Invisible Colleges”, in G. Barba Navaretti, P. Dasgupta, K.-G. Maler and D. Siniscalco (eds.) Creation and Transfer of Knowledge, Berlin, Springer-Verlag. Durlauf S., (2004), “Neighboroud Effects”, in J. V. Henderson and J. F. Thisse (eds.) Handbook of Regional and Urban Economics, Vol. 4, Amsterdam, North Holland. Goyal S., M.J. Van Der Leij, and J. Moraga, (2006), “Economics: An Emerging Small World?”, Journal of Political Economy, 114, pp. 403-412. Glaeser E. and J. Scheinkman, (2000), “Non-market interactions”, NBER working paper No. 8053. Jaffe A. B., (1989), “Real Effects of Academic Research”, American Economic Review, 79, pp. 957-70. Kim H. E., A. Morse, and L. Zingales, (2006), “Are Elite Universities Losing their Competitive Edge?”, NBER working paper No. 12245. Laband D. N., and R. D. Tollison, (2000), “Intellectual Collaboration”, Journal of Political Economy, 108, pp. 1075-1103. Lazear E. P., (1997), “Incentives in Basic Research”, Journal of Labour Economics, 15, pp. 167-197. Lotka A. J., (1926), “Statistics: The frequency distribution of scientific productivity”, Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences, 16, pp. 317-323. Mansfield E., (1991), “Academic Research and Industrial Innovation”, Research Policy, 20, pp. 1-12. Mansfield E., (1995), “Academic Research Underlying Industrial Innovations: Sources, Characteristics and Financing”, Review of Economics and Statistics, LXXVII, pp. 55-65. Manski C. F., (2000), “Economic analysis of social interactions”, Journal of Economic Perspectives, 14, pp. 115-36. Merton R. K., (1957), “Priorities in Scientific Discovery: A Chapter in the Sociology of Science”, American Sociological Review, 22, pp. 635-59. Nadiri, M. I. and J. Bernstein, (1989), “Research and Development and Intraindustry Spillovers: An empirical Application of Dynamic Duality”, Review of Economic Studies, 56, pp. 249-269. Newman M. E., (2001), “The Structure of Scientific Collaboration Networks”, Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, 98, pp. 404-409. Nelson R. R., (1959), “The Simple Economics of Basic Scientific Research”, Journal of Political Economy, 67, pp. 549-83. Rosenblat, T. S., and M. M. Mobius, (2004), “Getting Closer or Drifting Apart?”, Quarterly Journal of Economics,119, pp. 971-1009. Stephan P. E., (1996), “The Economics of Science”, Journal of Economic Literature, XXXIV, pp. 1199-1235. Stephan P. E. and S. G. Levin, (1992), “How Science is Done; Why Science is Done”, in Striking the Mother Lode in Science: The importance of Age, Place and Time, New York, Oxford University Press, pp. 11-24. Weitzman Y., (1998), “Recombinant Growth”, Quartely Journal of Economics, 113, pp. 331-360.
Zeira J., (2003), “Innovations, patent growth and endogenous growth”, CEPR Working paper No 3974.