Munich Personal RePEc Archive

Air Quality and Manufacturing Firm Productivity: Comprehensive Evidence from China

Fu, Shihe and Viard, Brian and Zhang, Peng (2017): Air Quality and Manufacturing Firm Productivity: Comprehensive Evidence from China.

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Abstract

We provide comprehensive estimates of air pollution’s effect on short-run labor productivity for manufacturing firms in China from 1998 to 2007. An emerging literature estimates air pollution’s effects on labor productivity but only for small groups of workers of particular occupations or sets of firms to ensure causality. To provide more comprehensive estimates necessary for policy analysis, we estimate effects for all but some small firms (90% of manufacturing output in China) and capture all channels by which pollution influences productivity. We instrument for reverse causality between pollution and output using thermal inversions.

Our causal estimates imply that a one

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