Munich Personal RePEc Archive

What cluster model for the competitiveness of Tunisian companies?

Bouhari, Mohamed and Khabbouchi, Rafika and Mathlouthi, Yamina (2016): What cluster model for the competitiveness of Tunisian companies? Published in: International Journal of Business & Economic Strategy , Vol. 4, No. 1 (March 2016): pp. 1-6.

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Abstract

This paper gives purpose to identify the factors of the constitution of "the Tunisian cluster" in an environment open to competition. It is a contribution to the debate on the importance of clusters for competitiveness of small and medium enterprises (SMEs) to make more innovative and competitive regions and to promote strategically important sectors in technology. Approaches based on the knowledge economy grew by better integrating forms of proximity, organizational, institutional and geographical, (Torre and Rallet 2005) and relational (Boshma, 2005). An empirical study was conducted on a sample of Information and Communication Technologies ICTs’companies. The results show that the lack of attractiveness of ICT Tunisian companies to form clusters is not due to a lack of suitable infrastructure but to the absence of relations involved in a partnership approach or localized nature between higher education, research centers, industry training and organization, enabling to carry out scientific and technical projects.

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