Munich Personal RePEc Archive

Population and natural resources: A case study of Yamuna water pollution

Basu Roy, Sharanya (2013): Population and natural resources: A case study of Yamuna water pollution.


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This study examines linkages between environmental degradation (specifically water pollution) and population within India. The hypothesis postulated is that the link between population and environmental degradation is mediated by the nature of institutional intervention in place. This hypothesis is examined with the help of two alternative methodologies. Firstly, a multiple regression using data for 9 districts, through which River Yamuna flows and secondly, using a simultaneous equation modelling. Both the methodologies illustrate, population growth does not always leads to environmental degradation, if literacy rates are improving and new technologies are being invented. Although degradation might continue to occur, in such a scenario if there are governance issues and hence institutional failure.

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