Munich Personal RePEc Archive

The Impact of Interest Rate Channel of Monetary Policy on Output and Prices in Nigeria: An Unrestricted VAR Approach

Onanuga, Abayomi and Onanuga, Olaronke (2014): The Impact of Interest Rate Channel of Monetary Policy on Output and Prices in Nigeria: An Unrestricted VAR Approach. Published in: Journal of African Macroeconomic Review , Vol. 4, No. 1 (31 December 2014): pp. 286-294.

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Abstract

This paper uses the vector auto-regression analytical method to examine the interest rate channel of monetary policy and to compare the period after the Structural Adjustment Period (1986Q1-1999Q1) with the period of the civilian administration (1999Q2-2012Q4) in Nigeria. The results of the second period indicated that monetary tightening leads first to an immediate fall in real output in the first 3 months reaching a maximum decline in 9 months. The first period indicated that real output start to decline after 6 months reaching a maximum decline in 12months. In response to monetary policy, for the second period, domestic prices did not start to decline until after 6months and it never returns to equilibrium. The findings for the first period indicate that prices started to rise after 4months and reach its peak in 12 months after the shock. We found evidence of interest channel in the two periods but monetary policy is more effective in the latter period compared to the earlier period.

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