Munich Personal RePEc Archive

Financial reforms and credit growth in Nigeria: Empirical insights from ARDL and ECM techniques

Adeleye, Ngozi and Osabuohien, Evans and Bowale, Ebenezer and Matthew, Oluwatoyin and Oduntan, Emmanuel (2017): Financial reforms and credit growth in Nigeria: Empirical insights from ARDL and ECM techniques. Published in: International Review of Applied Economics No. DOI: 10.1080/02692171.2017.1375466 (October 2017): pp. 1-14.

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Abstract

In the last 37 years Nigeria has undergone several stages of financial reforms with different impacts on the economy. Hence, this paper empirically analyses the impact of financial reforms on credit growth in Nigeria using annual data from 1980 to 2016. The research work hinges on the theoretical underpinning of the McKinnon-Shaw hypothesis on the relevance of financial reforms in a lagging economy. Analysing the data with autoregressive distributed lag (ARDL) error correction representation and bounds testing techniques, we notably find evidence to this hypothesis and state that at higher real interest rate there is increased financial intermediation evidenced by credit growth. Other findings are that in the long-run, financial system deposits, inflation rate and per capita GDP are strong asymmetrical predictors of credit growth and real interest rate (the financial reform indicator) while the short-run relationships are indicator-specific. We further show that a long-run cointegration relationship exists between domestic credit and other covariates and likewise between the real interest rate and its regressors.

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