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Why do acquirers prefer M&A? Evidence from Banks in India

Mittal, Amit and Garg, Ajay Kumar (2017): Why do acquirers prefer M&A? Evidence from Banks in India.

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Abstract

This study provides deeper insight into the linkages between Bank M&A and M&A literature and test the hypotheses that Acquirers gain significantly from a M&A strategy. Analyzing the Banking industry as an example of Horizontal mergers, the study aims to validate that M&A is a value creating strategy. A market model based event study provides robust results. We include private and public targets in the period 2006-2015. In a study of 24 M&A transactions in Indian Banks during the period 2006 -2015, we find convincing evidence for both acquirer and target gains. The t-statistic for Abnormal Returns is significant and Positive Abnormal Returns are shown. Size and profitability measures are not significant in this sample. Acquirers earning positive returns engage in multiple acquisitions and contribute significantly to positive abnormal returns in the sample. Acquirer returns depend on both Target and Acquirer Financial characteristics including Target Loan Loss provisions, Acquirer Tier I Capital, Acquirer proportion of Fee and Interest Income. The key limitation of the study is the unavailability of a larger sample of data.

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