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Renoncer à la théorie des zones monétaires optimales ?

Landais, Bernard (2018): Renoncer à la théorie des zones monétaires optimales ?

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Abstract This paper emphasize the 2008 economic crisis in Europe and try to jauge the convenience of the Optimal Currency Area Theory (OCA). First, among the the causes of this crisis one does not see the famous « assymetric chocks » but only the increasing path of desequilibria before the clash, worsened by the Monetary Union itself. Second, on the ajustment side, after the recession, there were some of the adjustment patterns described by the Theory. Nevertheless, they have not conducted the european economies to optimal situations both from the point of view of members (adhesion optimality) and of the entire group (admission optimality).We think that this two kinds of optimality must be validated in case of independant nations joining themselves in a Monetary Union. The OCA Theory is very strongly challenged by the recent european experience.

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