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Subjective expected utility with imperfect perception

Pivato, Marcus and Vergopoulos, Vassili (2018): Subjective expected utility with imperfect perception.

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Abstract

In many decisions under uncertainty, there are constraints on both the available information and the feasible actions. The agent can only make certain observations of the state space, and she cannot make them with perfect accuracy —she has imperfect perception. Likewise, she can only perform acts that transform states continuously into outcomes, and perhaps satisfy other regularity conditions. To incorporate such constraints, we modify the Savage decision model by endowing the state space S and outcome space X with topological structures. We axiomatically characterize a Subjective Expected Utility (SEU) representation of conditional preferences, involving a continuous utility function on X (unique up to positive affine transformations), and a unique probability measure on a Boolean algebra B of regular open subsets of S. We also obtain SEU representations involving a Borel measure on the Stone space of B — a “subjective” state space encoding the agent’s imperfect perception.

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