Munich Personal RePEc Archive

Economic links between education and migration: An overview

Handler, Heinz (2018): Economic links between education and migration: An overview. Published in: Policy Crossover Center Vienna - Europe, Flash Paper , Vol. 2018, No. 4/2018 (May 2018): pp. 1-17.

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Abstract

Among the many factors governing migration, education plays a major role, though more in the long run than for short-term floods particularly of irregular migration. Concerning the long run effects, the direction of causation and the slope of the connection are debated in theory. Education not only determines the mobility of people, it also is positively correlated with rising incomes. Empirical evidence shows that for people in developing countries, who are at the low end of the income distribution, more education and rising income levels are push factors for emigration. However, beyond a certain threshold further rising incomes tend to retard migration. As a result, education exhibits an inverted-U shaped relationship with migration. Another remarkable fact is that, on average, people who migrate are better educated than non-migrants back home as well as indigenous people in the host country.

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