Munich Personal RePEc Archive

Discrimination positive territoriale dans l’éducation comme un pylône du développement économique: une analyse pour le cas du Maroc

El Alaoui, Aicha (2018): Discrimination positive territoriale dans l’éducation comme un pylône du développement économique: une analyse pour le cas du Maroc.

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Abstract

Education remains at the heart of political and economic debates in Morocco. The main issues facing Morocco are: How to generalize and standardize the education system throughout its territory? How to improve the quality and efficiency of his teaching in Morocco? The level of economic development remains fragile and sensitive, marked by an unfair development between the 12 Moroccan regions. For this purpose, also treated what is supposed to be unequal is unfair. We must abandon the principle of equal treatment of students throughout the country. This is obviously to compensate for the initial inequalities. Putting this policy in the name of equity seems socially just. Educational justice means not only the same educational policies but also equal access and results. An egalitarian system must focus on improving the quality of schools serving the poorest regions of the country and the poorest classes in society. The reason is simple: a well educated and well cared population will be more productive, which is a source of continuous growth that can benefit everyone. For this reason, the starting point is to establish a unique school, carrying the ideals of freedom, equality, solidarity, principles of citizenship, secularism, respect for others, universalism and unit. In addition, it is necessary to introduce digital into the education system and to diversify and encourage language learning (in addition to two official languages) such as English, Japanese,or Chinese.

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