Munich Personal RePEc Archive

Formal Education and Disaster Response of Children: Evidence from Coastal Villages in Indonesia

Shoji, Masahiro and Takafuji, Yoko and Harada, Tetsuya (2019): Formal Education and Disaster Response of Children: Evidence from Coastal Villages in Indonesia.

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Abstract

Although children are exposed to a high mortality risk during disasters, what determines their disaster response, especially during earthquakes, remains largely unexplored. The goal of this study is to examine the association between formal education and earthquake response. Using a unique survey collected from elementary school students in the coastal villages of Indonesia, we show that students’ attitude to learning science is positively associated with their risk perception, perceived coping ability, knowledge about the disaster mechanism and response, and propensity to respond appropriately. Parents’ disaster experience also significantly affects these outcomes. In contrast, attitude to religious class explains none of outcomes. Locus of control is associated with perception and knowledge, but not the response. Our findings suggest that the effects of education on the disaster mortality of children could vary with the school curriculum.

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