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Bank Response to Policy Related Changes in Capital Requirements

Sivec, Vasja and Volk, Matjaz (2017): Bank Response to Policy Related Changes in Capital Requirements. Forthcoming in: The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance

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Abstract

We estimate how banks respond to regulatory capital requirements. We use a novel mea¬sure called capital surplus/shortfall, which we construct from notifications on regulatory capital requirements sent to Slovenian banks over the period 2009-2015. Capital surplus/shortfall is more relevant than capital adequacy ratio (CAR). It conveys more information about future lending because it is a forward-looking measure of bank capitalization. Our paper carries policy implications for supervisors in countries with a distressed banking sector. Using this measure, we show that the same firm has on average a 3.54 p.p. lower loan growth when the loan is obtained through a bank with 1 p.p. higher capital shortfall. Finally, we show that in response to an increase in capital requirements banks engage in risk-taking behaviour.

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