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The Simplest Factor Price Non-Equalization When Countries Have Different Productivities

Guo, Baoping (2019): The Simplest Factor Price Non-Equalization When Countries Have Different Productivities.

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Abstract

This study derived the solution of general trade equilibrium for the 2×2×2 Trefler Hicks-Neutral HOV Model (Trefler, 1993), which incorporates productivities different across countries. This is the first theoretical result of price-trade equilibrium under factor price non-equalization. The non-equalized factor price at the equilibrium is with two useful properties. The first one is that the equilibrium price (world commodity price and two sets of localized factor price) are the functions of world effective factor endowments so that it remains the same when the allocation of equivalent factor endowments changes. The second property is that the equilibrium factor prices ensure gains from trade for countries participating in trade. A new logic explored from this study is that the world effective factor endowments determine world commodity price and local factor rewards of all countries.

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