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Determinants of demand for higher education in palestine, the case of gaza strip 1994-2017

Abugamea, Gaber (2019): Determinants of demand for higher education in palestine, the case of gaza strip 1994-2017. Published in: the proceeding of International conference of economics, Beskent university, Turkey No. 05-07 September (6 September 2019): pp. 1-26.

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Abstract

Since the early 1990s, the demand for higher education has been growing steadily in Palestine, including the case of the Gaza Strip. This paper formulates a model of demand for higher education in the Gaza Strip considering a wide range of demographic, social, academic, economic and institutional explanatory variables. It employs OLS procedures on aggregate enrolment data. The estimation results showed that demographic and social variables explain about 82 percent of the variation of demand for higher education. Also, demographic and social variables affected the number of newly enrolled students in higher education significantly with a positive sign. Further, demand for higher education reacted positively to academic variable represented by success percent in high secondary certificate, economic variables of gdp per capita and unemployment rate and to institutional variables represented by reform in secondary general test, which gives students other chances to pass Tawjihi. Thus we believe that these results have important implication for the conduct of national education policy.

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