Munich Personal RePEc Archive

Monetary Policy and Exchange Market Pressure in Malaysia

Chin, Lee and Habibullah, Muzafar Shah and Sheik Kyin, Tey (2013): Monetary Policy and Exchange Market Pressure in Malaysia. Published in: Pertanika Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities , Vol. 21, No. S (2013): pp. 29-46.


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Exchange market pressure (EMP), which provides a measure of the volume of intervention necessary to achieve any desired exchange rate target, is the latest model used in measurement of exchange rate condition. In order to obtain a more complete picture of Malaysia’s condition and to examine how Bank Negara handles different exchange market pressures, this study considers the Malaysian exchange rate in relation to that of its two major trading partners– namely, Japan (RM/YEN exchange rate) and the United States (RM/USD exchange rate)– to construct EMP models. Monthly data from 1990:1 to 2008:9 were used in this study, and the sample period has been divided into a few periods based on crisis periods and Malaysia’s experience in different exchange rate regimes. Vector autoregression (VAR) modeling is used. The study’s findings suggest that the prescription of traditional theory was not followed by Malaysia and that Bank Negara should implements different monetary policy with different EMP only under crisis and fixed exchange rate regimes.

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