Munich Personal RePEc Archive

European industrial eco-efficiency under different pollutants' scenarios and heterogeneity structures. Is there a definite direction?

Kounetas, Konstantinos and Stergiou, Eirini (2020): European industrial eco-efficiency under different pollutants' scenarios and heterogeneity structures. Is there a definite direction?

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Abstract

Eco-efficiency has intensified the attention of policymakers in the last decades as the ability to create more goods and services with less impact on the environment consists an instrument towards sustainability. In this paper we utilize data of 14 industries from 27 European countries from 1995 to 2011 to estimate distinct objectives of economic and ecological performance by utilizing directional distance functions under a metafrontier framework. Our results reveal that the existence of a unified technology set causes large differences in the industrial eco-efficiency levels while energy intensive industries can be characterized as the most eco-inefficient .Although the speed of eco-efficiency convergence increases throughout the years, the case of CO2 emissions presents an erratic behavior compared to the other pollutants. Thus, a decomposition of industrial CO2 emissions can be considered as a further subject of research in our study in order to identify the drivers of this change through time.

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