Munich Personal RePEc Archive

March 2011 earthquake, tsunami, and Fukushima nuclear disaster - impacts on Japanese agriculture and food sector

Bachev, Hrabrin and Ito, Fusao (2015): March 2011 earthquake, tsunami, and Fukushima nuclear disaster - impacts on Japanese agriculture and food sector.

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Abstract

On March 11, 2011 the strongest ever recorded in Japan earthquake occurred which triggered a powerful tsunami and caused a nuclear accident in one of the world’s largest nuclear plant stations. The triple disaster has been having immense impacts on people’s life, health and property, social infrastructure, economy, policies, natural and institutional environment, etc. in the affected regions, Japan, and beyond. This study is a first attempt to present a comprehensive assessment of the multiple impacts of the March 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake, tsunami and Fukushima nuclear accident on the Japanese agriculture and food sector. First, it identifies and assesses diverse impacts (radiation, displacement, health, physiological, production, economic, technological, organizational, environmental, institutional, political, direct, indirect, etc.) of the disasters including all stages (inputs supply, farming, storage, wholesaling, transportation, processing, distribution, retailing, consumption) and components (natural resources, labor, biological and material assets, intangibles, technology, production structure, finance, waste disposal, information, management) of agri-food chain, and all temporal (immediate, short-term, long-term) and spacial (local, regional, national, trans-national) scales. Next, it summarizes responses of individuals, households, farms, businesses, communities, consumers, stakeholders, and authorities as well as assesses the progress and challenges in the post-disaster recovery and reconstruction. Finally, it withdraws lessons from the Japanese experiences and suggests recommendations for effective risk management in Japan and around the globe.

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