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Governing of agro-ecosystem services - modes, efficiency, perspectives

Bachev, Hrabrin (2009): Governing of agro-ecosystem services - modes, efficiency, perspectives.

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Abstract

In this study we incorporate interdisciplinary New Institutional and Transaction Costs Economics (combining Economics, Organization, Law, Sociology, Behavioral and Political Sciences), and suggest a new framework for analysis of mechanisms of governance of agro-ecosystem services. The first part it discusses the modern concepts and the economics of agro-ecosystem services. After that, it presents a framework for analysis and improvement of the governance of agro-ecosystem services. This new approach takes into account: the role of the specific institutional environment; and the behavioral characteristics of individual agents; and the transaction costs associated with the various forms of governance; and the critical factors of agrarian activity and exchanges; and the comparative efficiency of market, private, public and hybrid modes; and the comparative efficiency of alternative modes for public intervention; and the complementarities between different modes and the needs for multilateral and multilevel governance; and the role of technological and ecological factors. In the second part it identifies and evaluates the efficiency of market, private and public modes of environmental governance in Bulgarian agriculture. It depth analyses is made on structures for governing agro-ecosystems services in Zapadna Stara Planina, a mountainous region in the North-West part of the country. Assessment on prospects for evolution of environmental governance in the conditions of EU CAP implementation follows. This book aims to give insights on modern understanding of environmental governance, and elaborate a holistic framework for analysis and improvement of the governance of agro-ecosystem services, and test this new approach in the transitional Bulgarian conditions. In addition, diverse (positive and negative) examples from different countries are widely used to support arguments of the author.

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